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Toxicity from Metals, Old Menaces and New Threats
Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska at Kearney, Copeland Hall, Kearney, NE 68849, USA
Received: 16 November 2010; Accepted: 15 December 2010 / Published: 20 December 2010
Abstract: Metals make up the bulk of the periodic table and range from the very light (e.g., beryllium) to the very heavy (e.g., the actinides). Metals are important constituents of life, drive economic activity and industry, but can also be a hazard to human health. The metals can be roughly divided into three groups. The first being those metals, such as iron and zinc, that are essential to human life and have a wide therapeutic dose range. The second group of metals, such as lead, mercury, and uranium, has no known biological role and are toxic even at low doses. The third group of metals, such as selenium and manganese, has a role in maintaining human health but has a very narrow dose range that, when exceeded, produces toxic effects. [...]
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Briner, W. Toxicity from Metals, Old Menaces and New Threats. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 4278-4280.
Briner W. Toxicity from Metals, Old Menaces and New Threats. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010; 7(12):4278-4280.
Briner, Wayne. 2010. "Toxicity from Metals, Old Menaces and New Threats." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 7, no. 12: 4278-4280.