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Open AccessArticle

Maternal Cigarette Smoking during Pregnancy and Offspring Externalizing Behavioral Problems: A Propensity Score Matching Analysis

1
College of Criminal Justice, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX 77341-2296, USA
2
College of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-1127, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(1), 146-163; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph7010146
Received: 30 December 2009 / Accepted: 12 January 2010 / Published: 14 January 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Environmental Research)
A body of empirical research has revealed that prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke is related to a host of negative outcomes, including reduced cognitive abilities, later-life health problems, and childhood behavioral problems. While these findings are often interpreted as evidence of the causal role that prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke has on human phenotypes, emerging evidence has suggested that the association between prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke and behavioral phenotypes may be spurious. The current analysis of data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) revealed that the association between prenatal exposure to cigarette smoke and externalizing behavioral problems was fully accounted for by confounding factors. The implications that these findings have for policy and research are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: behavioral problems; cigarette; childhood; prenatal; smoking behavioral problems; cigarette; childhood; prenatal; smoking
MDPI and ACS Style

Boutwell, B.B.; Beaver, K.M. Maternal Cigarette Smoking during Pregnancy and Offspring Externalizing Behavioral Problems: A Propensity Score Matching Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 146-163.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, EISSN 1660-4601, Published by MDPI AG
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