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Preventing and Managing Cardiometabolic Risk: The Logic for Intervention

Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454-1015, USA
HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN 55440-1524, USA
JourneyWell, Minneapolis, MN 55425, USA
America’s Health Insurance Plans, Washington, DC 20004, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(10), 2568-2584;
Received: 10 August 2009 / Accepted: 29 September 2009 / Published: 30 September 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cardiovascular Diseases and Public Health)
PDF [532 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]


Cardiometabolic risk (CMR), also known as metabolic syndrome or insulin resistance syndrome, comprises obesity (particularly central or abdominal obesity), high triglycerides, low HDL, elevated blood pressure, and elevated plasma glucose. Leading to death from diabetes, heart disease, and stroke, the root cause of CMR is inadequate physical activity, a Western diet identified primarily by low intake of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and high in saturated fat, as well as a number of yet-to-be-identified genetic factors. While the pathophysiological pathways related to CMR are complex, the universal need for adequate physical activity and a diet that emphasizes fruits and vegetables and whole grains, while minimizing food high in added sugars and saturated fat suggests that these behaviors are the appropriate focus of intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: cardiometabolic risk; diet; physical activity; treatment; prevention; strategy cardiometabolic risk; diet; physical activity; treatment; prevention; strategy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Pereira, M.A.; Kottke, T.E.; Jordan, C.; O’Connor, P.J.; Pronk, N.P.; Carreón, R. Preventing and Managing Cardiometabolic Risk: The Logic for Intervention. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 2568-2584.

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