Next Article in Journal
Inorganic Arsenic in Drinking Water and Bladder Cancer: A Meta-Analysis for Dose-Response Assessment
Previous Article in Journal
Assessment of Impact of High Particulate Concentration on Peak Expiratory Flow Rate of Lungs of Sand Stone Quarry Workers
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2006, 3(4), 360-368;

Use of Ionizing Radiation Technology for Treating Municipal Wastewater

Department of Environmental Engineering, Al-Mustansyriah University, Baghdad, Iraq
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 February 2005 / Accepted: 20 August 2006 / Published: 31 December 2006
Full-Text   |   PDF [182 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]


In big cities, the cost of treating wastewater is increasing with more stringent environmental requirements. Ionizing radiation technology for treating municipal wastewater may be an alternative to reduce treatment costs. In this paper, laboratory tests were carried out using different doses of radiation to treat wastewater samples collected from the AL-Rustamia wastewater treatment plant in Baghdad city. According to the results, irradiation by gamma radiation with a dose ranging from 100 to 500 krad was efficient in reducing some of the physical contaminants. The organic contaminants were degraded and reduced to about 12% of their original concentrations. Generally, irradiation technology could effectively modify the characteristics of the wastewater to such levels that are compatible with Iraqi disposal standards. The results of the study also showed that, an experimental pilot plant study is required to optimize the cost of wastewater treatment through the use of this technology. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ionizing radiation; wastewater treatment Ionizing radiation; wastewater treatment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Ani, M.Y.; Al-Khalidy, F.R. Use of Ionizing Radiation Technology for Treating Municipal Wastewater. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2006, 3, 360-368.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top