This is an early access version, the complete PDF, HTML, and XML versions will be available soon.
Closing the Gap: From Research to Practice in Mental Health Interventions
School of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem 9124001, Israel
School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON K7L3N6, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2022
Revised: 14 January 2023
Accepted: 20 January 2023
Published: 24 January 2023
Evidence-based practice is critical but challenging in mental health. Rigorous research-proven interventions often do not yield expected results in the clinical practice. This study aimed to explore factors contributing to the effectiveness of Occupational Connections (OC)—an intervention for promotion of engagement in meaningful occupations in serious mental illness (SMI)—based on case series study of three quasi-experimental studies. The studies focused on people with SMI (), admitted to intensive mental health services participated in the OC, as well as on a control condition group. Similar evaluation procedures throughout these studies addressed primary outcomes of participation dimensions and recovery orientation, as well as secondary outcomes of functional capacity, cognition, and symptom severity. Patterns of changes in outcome measures varied between the three studies as to direction and extension. In the OC groups, 29–60% of the outcome measurements were changed, in comparison to 29–43% of measurements in the control groups. The secondary outcomes were consistently improved in the OC (18–100% of measurements) in comparison to the control (18–67%). The analysis of the studies revealed that clinical effectiveness of participation-oriented intervention varied dependent on interplay between the clinical context, clinician actions, served persons’ characteristics, and evidence-building process. These factors should be considered to maximize research benefits for practice.
Share and Cite
MDPI and ACS Style
Lipskaya-Velikovsky, L.; Krupa, T. Closing the Gap: From Research to Practice in Mental Health Interventions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2023, 20, 2141.
Lipskaya-Velikovsky L, Krupa T. Closing the Gap: From Research to Practice in Mental Health Interventions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2023; 20(3):2141.
Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Lena, and Terry Krupa. 2023. "Closing the Gap: From Research to Practice in Mental Health Interventions" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 20, no. 3: 2141.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, this journal uses article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here
Article Access Statistics
For more information on the journal statistics, click here
Multiple requests from the same IP address are counted as one view.