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Article

Burnout Syndrome and Related Factors in Mexican Police Workforces

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Doctorado en Ciencias en Desarrollo Regional y Tecnológico, Tecnológico Nacional de México, IT Oaxaca, Oaxaca 68030, Mexico
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Centro de Investigación Facultad de Medicina UNAM-UABJO, Facultad de Medicina y Cirugía, Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca, Oaxaca 68020, Mexico
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Tecnológico Nacional de México, IT Oaxaca, Oaxaca 68030, Mexico
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Red Nacional de Asociaciones Policiales, A.C. Puebla 72480, Mexico
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paul B. Tchounwou and Alessandro Marinaccio
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(9), 5537; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095537
Received: 13 March 2022 / Revised: 28 April 2022 / Accepted: 29 April 2022 / Published: 3 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
Burnout (BO) is a response to prolonged exposure to work-related stressors characterized by emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP), and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). The police working environment includes continued critical life-threatening situations, violence, and injuries, among other related factors putting them at high risk of distress. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between Burnout Syndrome and sociodemographic, occupational, and health factors in Mexican police officers. We applied the Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) to 351 active members of the Mexican police workforce. In addition, a specific questionnaire identified the presence of chronic degenerative diseases, hypertension, diabetes, digestive diseases, self-perception of food quality, and hours of sleep. Furthermore, 23.36% of police workforces presented high levels of burnout; 44.16% of police were highly emotionally exhausted, 49.29% had lost empathy with people, and 41.03% presented low personal achievement. Moreover, the worst levels of the syndrome were present in people with a poor self-perceived health status, poor perception of diet quality, without regular mealtimes, bad sleep habits, and elevated Body Mass Index. Data suggest that in Mexican police officers, BO is dimensionally different from all other groups previously studied (DP > EE > PA). View Full-Text
Keywords: burnout; occupational health; police burnout; occupational health; police
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MDPI and ACS Style

Torres-Vences, I.N.; Pérez-Campos Mayoral, E.; Mayoral, M.; Pérez-Campos, E.L.; Martínez-Cruz, M.; Torres-Bravo, I.; Alpuche, J. Burnout Syndrome and Related Factors in Mexican Police Workforces. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 5537. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095537

AMA Style

Torres-Vences IN, Pérez-Campos Mayoral E, Mayoral M, Pérez-Campos EL, Martínez-Cruz M, Torres-Bravo I, Alpuche J. Burnout Syndrome and Related Factors in Mexican Police Workforces. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(9):5537. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095537

Chicago/Turabian Style

Torres-Vences, Irene N., Eduardo Pérez-Campos Mayoral, Miguel Mayoral, Eduardo Lorenzo Pérez-Campos, Margarito Martínez-Cruz, Iban Torres-Bravo, and Juan Alpuche. 2022. "Burnout Syndrome and Related Factors in Mexican Police Workforces" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 9: 5537. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095537

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