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Review

Impacts of Indoor Radon on Health: A Comprehensive Review on Causes, Assessment and Remediation Strategies

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PROMETHEUS, Unidade de Investigação em Materiais, Energia e Ambiente para a Sustentabilidade, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
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Escola Superior Agrária, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, 4990-706 Ponte de Lima, Portugal
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Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, 4900-348 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
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UICISA:E, Unidade de Investigação em Ciências da Saúde: Enfermagem, Escola Superior de Saúde, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
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ADiT-Lab, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
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Instituto de Telecomunicações (I), Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Krassi Rumchev
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(7), 3929; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19073929
Received: 22 February 2022 / Revised: 23 March 2022 / Accepted: 23 March 2022 / Published: 25 March 2022
Indoor radon exposure is raising concerns due to its impact on health, namely its known relationship with lung cancer. Consequently, there is an urgent need to understand the risk factors associated with radon exposure, and how this can be harmful to the health of exposed populations. This article presents a comprehensive review of studies indicating a correlation between indoor radon exposure and the higher probability of occurrence of health problems in exposed populations. The analyzed studies statistically justify this correlation between exposure to indoor radon and the incidence of lung diseases in regions where concentrations are particularly high. However, some studies also showed that even in situations where indoor radon concentrations are lower, can be found a tendency, albeit smaller, for the occurrence of negative impacts on lung cancer incidence. Lastly, regarding risk remediation, an analysis has been conducted and presented in two core perspectives: (i) focusing on the identification and application of corrective measures in pre-existing buildings, and (ii) focusing on the implementation of preventive measures during the project design and before construction, both focusing on mitigating negative impacts of indoor radon exposure on the health of populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: indoor radon; health impacts; indoor radon assessment; indoor radon remediation indoor radon; health impacts; indoor radon assessment; indoor radon remediation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nunes, L.J.R.; Curado, A.; Graça, L.C.C.d.; Soares, S.; Lopes, S.I. Impacts of Indoor Radon on Health: A Comprehensive Review on Causes, Assessment and Remediation Strategies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 3929. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19073929

AMA Style

Nunes LJR, Curado A, Graça LCCd, Soares S, Lopes SI. Impacts of Indoor Radon on Health: A Comprehensive Review on Causes, Assessment and Remediation Strategies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(7):3929. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19073929

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nunes, Leonel J. R., António Curado, Luís C. C. da Graça, Salete Soares, and Sérgio Ivan Lopes. 2022. "Impacts of Indoor Radon on Health: A Comprehensive Review on Causes, Assessment and Remediation Strategies" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 7: 3929. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19073929

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