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Study Protocol

A Single-Case Design Investigation for Measuring the Efficacy of Gestalt Therapy to Treat Depression in Older Adults with Dementia in Italy and in Mexico: A Research Protocol

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Centre for Socio-Economic Research on Aging, IRCCS INRCA-National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, Via Santa Margherita 5, 60124 Ancona, Italy
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Istituto di Gestalt HCC Human Communication Centre Italy, Via S. Sebastiano 38, 96100 Siracusa, Italy
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Instituto Humanista de Psicoterapia Gestalt (IHPG), Africa 6, La Concepción, Mexico City 04020, Mexico
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Unit of Geriatric Pharmacoepidemiology and Biostatistics, IRCCS INRCA-National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, Via Santa Margherita 5, 60124 Ancona, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(6), 3260; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063260
Received: 11 January 2022 / Revised: 3 March 2022 / Accepted: 7 March 2022 / Published: 10 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Advances in Aging)
Psychotherapy is one of the evidence-based clinical interventions for the treatment of depression in older adults with dementia. Randomised controlled trials are often the first methodological choice to gain evidence, yet they are not applicable to a wide range of humanistic psychotherapies. Amongst all, the efficacy of the Gestalt therapy (GT) is under-investigated. The purpose of this paper is to present a research protocol, aiming to assess the effects of a GT-based intervention on people with dementia (PWD) and indirect influence on their family carers. The study implements the single-case experimental design with time series analysis that will be carried out in Italy and Mexico. Six people in each country, who received a diagnosis of dementia and present depressive symptoms, will be recruited. Eight or more GT sessions will be provided, whose fidelity will be assessed by the GT fidelity scale. Quantitative outcome measures are foreseen for monitoring participants’ depression, anxiety, quality of life, loneliness, carers’ burden, and the caregiving dyad mutuality at baseline and follow-up. The advantages and limitations of the research design are considered. If GT will effectively result in the treatment of depression in PWD, it could enrich the range of evidence-based interventions provided by healthcare services. View Full-Text
Keywords: Gestalt therapy; dementia; depression; single-case experimental design; psychosocial interventions Gestalt therapy; dementia; depression; single-case experimental design; psychosocial interventions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Merizzi, A.; Biasi, R.; Zamudio, J.F.Á.; Spagnuolo Lobb, M.; Di Rosa, M.; Santini, S. A Single-Case Design Investigation for Measuring the Efficacy of Gestalt Therapy to Treat Depression in Older Adults with Dementia in Italy and in Mexico: A Research Protocol. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 3260. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063260

AMA Style

Merizzi A, Biasi R, Zamudio JFÁ, Spagnuolo Lobb M, Di Rosa M, Santini S. A Single-Case Design Investigation for Measuring the Efficacy of Gestalt Therapy to Treat Depression in Older Adults with Dementia in Italy and in Mexico: A Research Protocol. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(6):3260. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063260

Chicago/Turabian Style

Merizzi, Alessandra, Rosanna Biasi, José F.Á. Zamudio, Margherita Spagnuolo Lobb, Mirko Di Rosa, and Sara Santini. 2022. "A Single-Case Design Investigation for Measuring the Efficacy of Gestalt Therapy to Treat Depression in Older Adults with Dementia in Italy and in Mexico: A Research Protocol" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 6: 3260. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063260

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