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Systematic Review

Socioeconomic Determinants of Cardiovascular Diseases, Obesity, and Diabetes among Migrants in the United Kingdom: A Systematic Review

1
School of Health and Social Wellbeing, University of the West of England, Bristol BS16 1QY, UK
2
Institute of Applied Health, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2SQ, UK
3
Department of Geography, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 4DP, UK
4
University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
5
School of Public Health, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi 00000, Ghana
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(5), 3070; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19053070
Received: 1 January 2022 / Revised: 28 February 2022 / Accepted: 2 March 2022 / Published: 5 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Risk of Obesity, Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes)
There has been little agreement on the role that socioeconomic factors play in the aetiology of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), obesity, and diabetes among migrants in the United Kingdom (UK). We systematically reviewed the existing evidence on this association to contribute to filling this gap in the literature. Two reviewers were involved at each stage of the review process to ensure validity. We comprehensively searched through several electronic databases and grey literature sources to identify potentially eligible papers for our review. We extracted data from our finally included studies and appraised the methodological rigour of our studies. A narrative synthesis approach was used to synthesise and interpret the extracted data. We sieved through 2485 records identified from our search and finally obtained 10 studies that met our inclusion criteria. The findings of this review show that there is a trend towards an association between socioeconomic factors and CVDs, diabetes, and obesity among migrants in the UK. However, the picture was more complex when specific socioeconomic variables and migrant subgroups were analysed. The evidence for this association is inconclusive and its causal relationship remains speculative. There is, therefore, the need for further research to understand the exact association between socioeconomic factors and CVD, diabetes, and obesity among migrants in the UK. View Full-Text
Keywords: socioeconomic; migrant; cardiovascular disease; obesity; diabetes socioeconomic; migrant; cardiovascular disease; obesity; diabetes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ismail, S.U.; Asamane, E.A.; Osei-Kwasi, H.A.; Boateng, D. Socioeconomic Determinants of Cardiovascular Diseases, Obesity, and Diabetes among Migrants in the United Kingdom: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 3070. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19053070

AMA Style

Ismail SU, Asamane EA, Osei-Kwasi HA, Boateng D. Socioeconomic Determinants of Cardiovascular Diseases, Obesity, and Diabetes among Migrants in the United Kingdom: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(5):3070. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19053070

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ismail, Sanda Umar, Evans Atiah Asamane, Hibbah Araba Osei-Kwasi, and Daniel Boateng. 2022. "Socioeconomic Determinants of Cardiovascular Diseases, Obesity, and Diabetes among Migrants in the United Kingdom: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 5: 3070. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19053070

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