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Review

Efficacy of Interventions Based on the Use of Information and Communication Technologies for the Promotion of Active Aging

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Nursing and Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Real Fábrica de Sedas, s/n., 45600 Toledo, Spain
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Nursing Department, University of Extremadura, 10600 Cáceres, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(3), 1534; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031534
Received: 26 November 2021 / Revised: 14 December 2021 / Accepted: 27 January 2022 / Published: 29 January 2022
Nowadays, the study of how new media and technologies can be used to carry out health education by bringing these tools closer to the elderly population is interesting. It is a way of offering them access not only to greater knowledge, but to greater communication and relationship with their surroundings, a range of new possibilities and resources at their disposal that also represent a way to reduce the generation gap and bring them closer to the rest of the community. Objectives: to evaluate and analyze the studies that show the efficacy of interventions based on the use of information and communication technologies for the promotion of active aging in people older than or equal to 65 years who live in the community. Data sources, study eligibility criteria: the search for the articles was carried out from January 2012 to March 2021, in 6 databases (Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Scielo, Google Academic and WOS) based on the clinical question, using the keywords derived from the DeCS and MeSH thesauri, combined with the Boolean operators “AND”, “NOT” and “OR”. The search was limited to publications from the last 9 years, in English and Spanish. Results: after applying the selection criteria and evaluating the quality of the methodology, 7.91% (n = 17) of the 215 results were included with filters: 7 systematic review, 5 of Cohorts and 5 of Randomized Controlled Trial. Conclusions and implications of key findings: the use of communication technologies reduces the feeling of loneliness, as well as the use of virtual reality to exercise, train memory or perform rehabilitation. The most difficult barrier to overcome is the prior ignorance of the majority of the elderly to the technology that is overcome by working as a team throughout the community, especially in the health and educational sector, as well as the family or social nucleus. View Full-Text
Keywords: Tics; mobile applications; serious games; internet; virtual reality; home automation; active aging; elderly; gerontechnology; review Tics; mobile applications; serious games; internet; virtual reality; home automation; active aging; elderly; gerontechnology; review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Astasio-Picado, Á.; Cobos-Moreno, P.; Gómez-Martín, B.; Verdú-Garcés, L.; Zabala-Baños, M.d.C. Efficacy of Interventions Based on the Use of Information and Communication Technologies for the Promotion of Active Aging. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 1534. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031534

AMA Style

Astasio-Picado Á, Cobos-Moreno P, Gómez-Martín B, Verdú-Garcés L, Zabala-Baños MdC. Efficacy of Interventions Based on the Use of Information and Communication Technologies for the Promotion of Active Aging. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(3):1534. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031534

Chicago/Turabian Style

Astasio-Picado, Álvaro, Paula Cobos-Moreno, Beatriz Gómez-Martín, Lorena Verdú-Garcés, and María d.C. Zabala-Baños. 2022. "Efficacy of Interventions Based on the Use of Information and Communication Technologies for the Promotion of Active Aging" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 3: 1534. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031534

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