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Article

Psychotherapeutic Techniques for Distressing Memories: A Comparative Study between EMDR, Brainspotting, and Body Scan Meditation

1
Maternal Infant Services Unit of Udine, Azienda Sanitaria Universitaria Integrata Friuli Centrale (ASUFC), 33100 Udine, Italy
2
Department of Languages and Literatures, Communication, Education and Society, University of Udine, 33100 Udine, Italy
3
Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00118 Rome, Italy
4
Institute of Mechanical Intelligence, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna di Pisa, 56010 Pisa, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sylke Andreas, Tobias Nolte and Thomas Probst
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(3), 1142; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031142
Received: 22 December 2021 / Revised: 13 January 2022 / Accepted: 18 January 2022 / Published: 20 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clincial Psychology and Psychotherapy)
Objectives: We explored the effects of a single 40-min session of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), Brainspotting (BSP), and Body Scan Meditation (BSM) in the processing of distressing memories reported by a non-clinical sample of adult participants. Design: A within-subject design was used. Methods: Participants (n = 40 Psychologists/MDs) reported four distressing memories, each of which treated with a single intervention. EMDR, BSP, and BSM were compared with each other, and with a Book Reading (BR) active control condition, using as dependent measures, SUD (Subjective Units of Disturbance) and Memory Telling Duration (MTD) on a 4-point timeline: Baseline, Pre-Intervention, Post-Intervention, Follow-up. Results: SUD scores associated with EMDR, BSP, and BSM significantly decreased from Pre- to Post-Intervention (p < 0.001). At Post-Intervention and Follow-up, EMDR and BSP SUD scores were significantly lower than BSM and BR scores (p < 0.02). At both Post-Intervention and Follow-up, BSM SUD scores were lower than BR scores (p < 0.01). A reduction in MTD was observed from Pre- to Post-Intervention for EMDR and BSP conditions (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Overall, results showed beneficial effects of single sessions of EMDR, BSP, or BSM in the processing of healthy adults’ distressing memories. Study limitations and suggestions for future research are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychotherapy; distressing memories; EMDR; Brainspotting; body scan meditation; mindfulness; bottom-up therapy; body-oriented intervention; trauma; stress psychotherapy; distressing memories; EMDR; Brainspotting; body scan meditation; mindfulness; bottom-up therapy; body-oriented intervention; trauma; stress
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MDPI and ACS Style

D’Antoni, F.; Matiz, A.; Fabbro, F.; Crescentini, C. Psychotherapeutic Techniques for Distressing Memories: A Comparative Study between EMDR, Brainspotting, and Body Scan Meditation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 1142. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031142

AMA Style

D’Antoni F, Matiz A, Fabbro F, Crescentini C. Psychotherapeutic Techniques for Distressing Memories: A Comparative Study between EMDR, Brainspotting, and Body Scan Meditation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(3):1142. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031142

Chicago/Turabian Style

D’Antoni, Fabio, Alessio Matiz, Franco Fabbro, and Cristiano Crescentini. 2022. "Psychotherapeutic Techniques for Distressing Memories: A Comparative Study between EMDR, Brainspotting, and Body Scan Meditation" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 3: 1142. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031142

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