Creation of a Pilot School Health Research Network in an English Education Infrastructure to Improve Adolescent Health and Well-Being: A Study Protocol
2. Materials and Methods
- Work with stakeholders to co-produce the key policies and processes for the creation of a SHRN in the South West of England.
- Recruit a maximum of 20 secondary schools to participate in the first phase of the SW-SHRN and collect information on mental health and health risk behaviour programmes and policies through a school environment survey.
- Recruit up to 2500 Year 8 and 2500 Year 10 students within the recruited schools, and collect self-reported data from the students on mental health and health risk-taking behaviours.
- Examine the associations between students’ health risk-taking behaviours and mental health.
- Identify the extent to which any associations are modified by school health promotion policies, school characteristics (Ofsted rating, Pupil Premium and progress scores and school location), and student characteristics such as age, gender, and social economic status.
- Identify stakeholder views of a regional network model, identify key issues that impact (positively or negatively) the implementation of a regional SHRN in England and identify key barriers and facilitators to scalability and sustainability.
- Further develop and refine our working logic model and programme theory for the SW-SHRN.
2.3. Study Population
2.4. Inclusion Criteria
2.4.1. School Surveys
- Secondary schools must be within one of the fifteen LAs (see Supplementary Material) within the South West of England.
- Students completing the health and well-being survey must be in Years 8 or 10.
- Staff completing the school environment survey must have sufficient knowledge of school health improvement policies and interventions.
2.4.2. Qualitative Interviews
- The key school contact involved in the organisation and delivery of the SW-SHRN survey.
- Stakeholders involved in education and/or health promotion in schools.
2.5. Exclusion Criteria
2.6. Sample Size
2.6.1. Quantitative Component
2.6.2. Qualitative Component
2.7.1. Student Health and Well-Being Survey
2.7.2. School Environment Survey
2.7.3. Stakeholder Interviews
2.8.1. School Recruitment
- Research agreement—this agreement outlines the commitment from the research team and expectations of participating schools.
- Data sharing agreement—in compliance with requirements of General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), this agreement details the data processing of personal data (students’ name, date of birth and postcode) as well as how the data will be used to inform and improve public health provision. This agreement also details the purpose of collecting a small amount of personal data to allow linkage of individual responses overtime to enable the research team to monitor longitudinal changes as interventions are introduced to evaluate their impact on student health and well-being.
- User agreement—this agreement outlines use and sharing of any data reports produced by SW-SHRN. LAs will also be required to co-sign a user agreement.
2.8.2. School Reimbursement
2.8.3. Public Involvement
2.8.4. Survey Implementation
- Classroom-based with a researcher and teacher present.
- Classroom-based with only a teacher present (no researcher).
- Remote live teaching session with a researcher overview present via live video link.
- Remote non-live scheduled teaching session with a researcher overview video.
- Remote independent task for students to complete survey outside of timetable.
Student Survey Consent Process
School Environment Survey
2.8.5. Knowledge Transfer
Tailored School Reports with Benchmarking
School Environment Report
LA Summary Reports with Benchmarking
3. Data Analysis
3.1. Quantitative Analysis
3.2. Qualitative Analysis
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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Sharp, C.A.; Widnall, E.; Albers, P.N.; Willis, K.; Capner, C.; Kidger, J.; de Vocht, F.; Kaner, E.; van Sluijs, E.M.F.; Fairbrother, H.; et al. Creation of a Pilot School Health Research Network in an English Education Infrastructure to Improve Adolescent Health and Well-Being: A Study Protocol. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 13711. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192013711
Sharp CA, Widnall E, Albers PN, Willis K, Capner C, Kidger J, de Vocht F, Kaner E, van Sluijs EMF, Fairbrother H, et al. Creation of a Pilot School Health Research Network in an English Education Infrastructure to Improve Adolescent Health and Well-Being: A Study Protocol. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(20):13711. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192013711Chicago/Turabian Style
Sharp, Catherine A., Emily Widnall, Patricia N. Albers, Kate Willis, Colin Capner, Judi Kidger, Frank de Vocht, Eileen Kaner, Esther M. F. van Sluijs, Hannah Fairbrother, and et al. 2022. "Creation of a Pilot School Health Research Network in an English Education Infrastructure to Improve Adolescent Health and Well-Being: A Study Protocol" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 20: 13711. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192013711