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Article

The Efficacy and Effectiveness of Education for Preventing and Treating Non-Specific Low Back Pain in the Hispanic Cultural Setting: A Systematic Review

1
Kovacs Back Pain Unit, HLA-Moncloa University Hospital, 81, Avenida Valladolid, 28008 Madrid, Spain
2
Spanish Back Pain Research Network, 28008 Madrid, Spain
3
Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Universidad de El País Vasco (UPV/EHU), Campus Universitario, Bº Sarriena s/n, 48940 Leioa, Spain
4
Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Salamanca, Avenue Donantes de Sangre s/n, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
5
Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), University of León, 24071 León, Spain
6
Visiting Researcher, University of the Basque Country, 48049 Leioa, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Santos Villafaina, Jesús Morenas Martín, Cristina Maestre Cascales and José Carmelo Adsuar Sala
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(2), 825; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020825
Received: 3 December 2021 / Revised: 31 December 2021 / Accepted: 10 January 2022 / Published: 12 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chronic Pain, Brain and Physical Activity)
A systematic review was conducted to assess the efficacy and effectiveness of education programs to prevent and treat low back pain (LBP) in the Hispanic cultural setting. Electronic and manual searches identified 1148 unique references. Nine randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were included in this review. Methodological quality assessment and data extraction followed the recommendations from the Cochrane Back Pain Review Group. Education programs which were assessed focused on active management (3 studies), postural hygiene (7), exercise (4) and pain neurophysiology (1). Comparators were no intervention, usual care, exercise, other types of education, and different combinations of these procedures. Five RCTs had a low risk of bias. Results show that: (a) education programs in the school setting can transmit potentially useful knowledge for LBP prevention and (b) education programs for patients with LBP improve the outcomes of usual care, especially in terms of disability. Education on pain neurophysiology improves the results of education on exercise, and education on active management is more effective than “sham” education and education on postural hygiene. Future studies should assess the comparative or summatory effects of education on exercise, education on pain neurophysiology and education on active management, as well as explore their efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-specific low back pain; education programs; systematic review; Hispanic cultural setting non-specific low back pain; education programs; systematic review; Hispanic cultural setting
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kovacs, F.M.; Burgos-Alonso, N.; Martín-Nogueras, A.M.; Seco-Calvo, J. The Efficacy and Effectiveness of Education for Preventing and Treating Non-Specific Low Back Pain in the Hispanic Cultural Setting: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 825. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020825

AMA Style

Kovacs FM, Burgos-Alonso N, Martín-Nogueras AM, Seco-Calvo J. The Efficacy and Effectiveness of Education for Preventing and Treating Non-Specific Low Back Pain in the Hispanic Cultural Setting: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(2):825. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020825

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kovacs, Francisco M., Natalia Burgos-Alonso, Ana M. Martín-Nogueras, and Jesús Seco-Calvo. 2022. "The Efficacy and Effectiveness of Education for Preventing and Treating Non-Specific Low Back Pain in the Hispanic Cultural Setting: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 2: 825. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020825

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