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Article

Sustainable Distance Online Educational Process for Dental Students during COVID-19 Pandemic

Department of Operative Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece
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Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(15), 9470; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159470
Received: 27 June 2022 / Revised: 25 July 2022 / Accepted: 26 July 2022 / Published: 2 August 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue COVID-19 and Health Education)
In this study, we evaluated the perception of distance online learning in undergraduate dental students in two different European countries during the second lockdown of the COVID-19 pandemic to explore sustainable undergraduate educational and examination e-learning forms. Dental students from Dental school of Athens, National and Kapodistrian university of Athens (N1_3rd preclinical year = 131, N2_4th clinical year = 119) and Dental school of Copenhagen (3rd preclinical year N3 = 85) completed the mixed-designed Dental e-Learning process Questionnaire (DeLQ) distributed in a google form. Responses to closed-ended questions were collected on a five-point Likert scale. Descriptive statistics were applied, and non-parametric Kruskal–Wallis tests were used to examine student groups. N1 (90% strongly agree) students reported that “e-learning is a suitable education method for theory in dentistry” at a significant level and more often than N2 (43% strongly disagree). N1 and N2 students strongly agreed that they preferred face-to-face teaching rather than distance e-learning. A relatively low number of N1 (31%) students believed that e-learning prepares them sufficiently for their practical training while none of the (0%) N2 cohort agreed. A low percentage of students in both years (N1 = 31%, N2 = 23%) believed that e-learning prepared them for their exams. Additionally, N1 = 60% and N2 = 66% preferred hybrid learning. Only 26% (N1) and 19.5% (N2) desired e-learning to continue after the COVID-19 pandemic. Nearly half of the participants believed the online exam model to be unreliable (N1 = 49%, N2 = 43%). Overall, students considered distance e-learning as an educational method applicable only to theoretical lessons. However, the lack of physical communication and interaction in distance learning led students to prefer a blended method. Students of the two faculties seemed to agree on many points, but there were also specific differences attributable to the differences in the programs and educational culture of the two countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: academic performance; COVID-19; dental education; distance learning; e-learning; e-exams academic performance; COVID-19; dental education; distance learning; e-learning; e-exams
MDPI and ACS Style

Antoniadou, M.; Rahiotis, C.; Kakaboura, A. Sustainable Distance Online Educational Process for Dental Students during COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 9470. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159470

AMA Style

Antoniadou M, Rahiotis C, Kakaboura A. Sustainable Distance Online Educational Process for Dental Students during COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(15):9470. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159470

Chicago/Turabian Style

Antoniadou, Maria, Christos Rahiotis, and Afrodite Kakaboura. 2022. "Sustainable Distance Online Educational Process for Dental Students during COVID-19 Pandemic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 15: 9470. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159470

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