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Emerging Infectious Diseases and One Health: Implication for Public Health
 
 
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Do Area-Level Environmental Factors Influence Employment for People with Disability? A Scoping Review

1
Centre for Disability Research and Policy, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia
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NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence in Disability and Health, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
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Centre for Urban Research, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia
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Centre for Health Equity, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
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Centre for Disability Research, Faculty of Health and Medicine, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YW, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(15), 9082; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159082
Received: 21 June 2022 / Revised: 19 July 2022 / Accepted: 19 July 2022 / Published: 26 July 2022
Employment is an important social determinant of health and wellbeing. People with disability experience labour market disadvantage and have low labour force participation rates, high unemployment rates, and poor work conditions. Environmental factors are crucial as facilitators of or barriers to participation for people with disability. Understanding how the physical, social, and economic characteristics of local areas influence employment for people with disability can potentially inform interventions to reduce employment inequalities. We conducted a scoping review of research investigating associations between area-level environmental factors and employment for people with disability. Eighteen articles published between 2000 and 2020 met the inclusion criteria, and data were extracted to map the current evidence. Area-level factors were categorised into six domains relating to different aspects of environmental context: socioeconomic environment, services, physical environment, social environment, governance, and urbanicity. The urbanicity and socioeconomic environment domains were the most frequently represented (15 and 8 studies, respectively). The studies were heterogeneous in terms of methods and data sources, scale and type of geographic units used for analysis, disability study population, and examined employment outcomes. We conclude that the current evidence base is insufficient to inform the design of interventions. Priorities for future research are identified, which include further theorising the mechanisms by which area-level factors may influence employment outcomes, quantifying the contribution of specific factors, and interrogating specific factors underlying the association between urbanicity and employment outcomes for people with disability. View Full-Text
Keywords: employment; disability; environmental factors; area-level; geographic; inequalities; labour force employment; disability; environmental factors; area-level; geographic; inequalities; labour force
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fortune, N.; Curryer, B.; Badland, H.; Smith-Merry, J.; Devine, A.; Stancliffe, R.J.; Emerson, E.; Llewellyn, G. Do Area-Level Environmental Factors Influence Employment for People with Disability? A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 9082. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159082

AMA Style

Fortune N, Curryer B, Badland H, Smith-Merry J, Devine A, Stancliffe RJ, Emerson E, Llewellyn G. Do Area-Level Environmental Factors Influence Employment for People with Disability? A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(15):9082. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159082

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fortune, Nicola, Bernadette Curryer, Hannah Badland, Jennifer Smith-Merry, Alexandra Devine, Roger J. Stancliffe, Eric Emerson, and Gwynnyth Llewellyn. 2022. "Do Area-Level Environmental Factors Influence Employment for People with Disability? A Scoping Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 15: 9082. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19159082

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