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Article

What Is or What Is Not a Risk Factor for Arterial Hypertension? Not Hamlet, but Medical Students Answer That Question

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Faculty of Applied Social Sciences and Resocialization, University of Warsaw, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland
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Faculty of Medical Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
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Club of Young Hypertensiologists, Polish Society of Hypertension, 80-214 Gdańsk, Poland
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Independent Researcher, 43-600 Jaworzno, Poland
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Institute of Clinical Sciences, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Medical Academy in Warsaw, 00-136 Warsaw, Poland
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Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Brimingham, Brimingham, AL ZRB 542, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(13), 8206; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138206
Received: 13 April 2022 / Revised: 8 June 2022 / Accepted: 4 July 2022 / Published: 5 July 2022
Hypertension is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease and premature death worldwide. The most important method of preventing hypertension is social awareness of its causes. An important role in educating society about hypertension is played by medical personnel. The study involved 327 students of medicine representing all years of study. The study used a proprietary questionnaire containing test questions about knowledge of the causes of hypertension (classical and non-classical factors), as well as questionable and false risk factors for the disease. The students’ knowledge of the complications of hypertension was also assessed. Most of the students rated their knowledge about hypertension as good. Classical risk factors for hypertension were identified by students in all years of study: I–III and IV–VI. Non-classical risk factors for hypertension were less often identified by the students. The students almost unanimously indicated that the complications of hypertension include heart failure, heart attack, stroke, aortic aneurysm, kidney failure, atherosclerosis, eye diseases and worse prognosis in COVID-19. Students’ knowledge of the causes of hypertension increased during medical studies. The knowledge of the respondents about classical risk factors for hypertension was extensive, whereas knowledge of non-classical risk factors it was insufficient. Most of the respondents were well aware of the complications of hypertension. Some students identified some factors incorrectly as increasing the risk of hypertension. Emphasis should be placed on the dissemination of knowledge about non-classical hypertension risk factors to medical students. View Full-Text
Keywords: arterial hypertension; risk factors; medical students; knowledge arterial hypertension; risk factors; medical students; knowledge
MDPI and ACS Style

Sobierajski, T.; Surma, S.; Romańczyk, M.; Łabuzek, K.; Filipiak, K.J.; Oparil, S. What Is or What Is Not a Risk Factor for Arterial Hypertension? Not Hamlet, but Medical Students Answer That Question. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 8206. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138206

AMA Style

Sobierajski T, Surma S, Romańczyk M, Łabuzek K, Filipiak KJ, Oparil S. What Is or What Is Not a Risk Factor for Arterial Hypertension? Not Hamlet, but Medical Students Answer That Question. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13):8206. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138206

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sobierajski, Tomasz, Stanisław Surma, Monika Romańczyk, Krzysztof Łabuzek, Krzysztof J. Filipiak, and Suzanne Oparil. 2022. "What Is or What Is Not a Risk Factor for Arterial Hypertension? Not Hamlet, but Medical Students Answer That Question" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 13: 8206. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138206

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