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Article

Combined Low Plant and High Animal Dietary Pattern Is Associated with a Lower Risk of Anemia among Dyslipidemic Adult Women in Taiwan: A Retrospective Study from 2001 to 2015

1
School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, College of Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei 110, Taiwan
2
Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Science, Universitas Alma Ata, Yogyakarta 55183, Indonesia
3
Alma Ata Center for Healthy Life and Foods (ACHEAF), Universitas Alma Ata, Yogyakarta 55183, Indonesia
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Department of Information Management, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, 365 Ming-Te Road, Peitou District, Taipei 112, Taiwan
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Master Program in Global Health and Development, College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei 110, Taiwan
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School of Food Safety, College of Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei 110, Taiwan
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Research Center for Healthcare Industry Innovation, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, 365 Ming-Te Road, Peitou District, Taipei 112, Taiwan
8
National Health Research Institutes, 35 Keyan Road, Zhunan Town, Miaoli County 350, Taiwan
9
Nutrition Research Center, Taipei Medical University Hospital, 252 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei 110, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Alessandra Durazzo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(10), 6231; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106231
Received: 22 March 2022 / Revised: 18 May 2022 / Accepted: 18 May 2022 / Published: 20 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Nutrition Dietary Patterns on Health and Quality of Life)
Anemia and dyslipidemia often occurs in premenopausal women. This study investigated the association between dietary patterns and anemia among dyslipidemic women in Taiwan. This study recruited 22,631 dyslipidemic women aged 20–45 years between 2001 and 2015. The dietary assessment was collected by a validated food frequency questionnaire. The biochemical data including blood lipids, red blood cells, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and C-reactive protein (CRP) were retrieved from the database. Women with a combined high plant diet (HP) and low animal diet (LA) were associated with a lower prevalence of obesity (11.7%), central obesity (16.0%), high total cholesterol (16.4%), and high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (11.9%), and had lower hemoglobin (12.9 ± 1.4 g/dL), hematocrit (38.8 ± 3.6%), and CRP levels (20.6 ± 31.4 nmol/L). The low plant diet (LP) + high animal diet (HA) pattern was negatively associated with moderate to severe anemia (OR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.64–0.92, p = 0.004) compared to the low plant diet (LP) + low animal diet (LA) pattern. However, the HP + LA pattern was positively correlated with moderate to severe anemia (OR: 1.22, 95% CI: 1.04–1.43, p = 0.015). In conclusion, a low plant and high animal diet plays a role in preventing anemia development among dyslipidemic women. View Full-Text
Keywords: dyslipidemia; anemia; plant diet; animal diet dyslipidemia; anemia; plant diet; animal diet
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MDPI and ACS Style

Purnamasari, S.D.; Hsu, C.-Y.; Chen, Y.-T.; Kurniawan, A.L.; Lee, H.-A.; Chao, J.C.-J. Combined Low Plant and High Animal Dietary Pattern Is Associated with a Lower Risk of Anemia among Dyslipidemic Adult Women in Taiwan: A Retrospective Study from 2001 to 2015. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 6231. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106231

AMA Style

Purnamasari SD, Hsu C-Y, Chen Y-T, Kurniawan AL, Lee H-A, Chao JC-J. Combined Low Plant and High Animal Dietary Pattern Is Associated with a Lower Risk of Anemia among Dyslipidemic Adult Women in Taiwan: A Retrospective Study from 2001 to 2015. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(10):6231. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106231

Chicago/Turabian Style

Purnamasari, Sintha Dewi, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Yi-Tien Chen, Adi Lukas Kurniawan, Hsiu-An Lee, and Jane C.-J. Chao. 2022. "Combined Low Plant and High Animal Dietary Pattern Is Associated with a Lower Risk of Anemia among Dyslipidemic Adult Women in Taiwan: A Retrospective Study from 2001 to 2015" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 10: 6231. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106231

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