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Article

Physical Activity and Academic Procrastination among Chinese University Students: A Parallel Mediation Model of Self-Control and Self-Efficacy

by 1, 2 and 3,*
1
College of Physical Education and Health Science, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401331, China
2
Department of psychology, London Metropolitan University, London N7 8DB, UK
3
College of Physical Education and Health Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Antonio Jesús Sanchez-Oliver and Jerónimo García-Fernández
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(10), 6017; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106017
Received: 9 April 2022 / Revised: 7 May 2022 / Accepted: 13 May 2022 / Published: 15 May 2022
Previous studies have suggested that physical activity may decrease academic procrastination; however, few studies have explored the underlying mechanisms of how physical activity exerts an effect on academic procrastination. This study aimed to examine the mediating effects of self-control and self-efficacy in the relationship between physical activity and academic procrastination among Chinese university students. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used in this study. The sample comprised 564 university students from a university in Zhejiang, China. The physical activity rating scale-3 (PARS-3), self-control scale (SCS), generalized self-efficacy scale (GSES), and procrastination assessment scale-students (PASS) were used to investigate university students’ physical activity, self-control, self-efficacy, and academic procrastination respectively. The Percentile-Bootstrap technique was performed to examine the mediating effects of self-control and self-efficacy on the association between physical activity and academic procrastination. Results: Physical activity significantly predicted higher levels of self-control and self-efficacy, as well as lower levels of academic procrastination. Self-control and self-efficacy were significant mediators between physical activity and academic procrastination. Conclusion: This study indicated that physical activity interventions targeting the improvement of self-control and self-efficacy may reduce academic procrastination in university students. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; self-control; self-efficacy; academic procrastination; parallel mediation model physical activity; self-control; self-efficacy; academic procrastination; parallel mediation model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, C.; Hu, Y.; Ren, K. Physical Activity and Academic Procrastination among Chinese University Students: A Parallel Mediation Model of Self-Control and Self-Efficacy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 6017. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106017

AMA Style

Li C, Hu Y, Ren K. Physical Activity and Academic Procrastination among Chinese University Students: A Parallel Mediation Model of Self-Control and Self-Efficacy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(10):6017. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106017

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Changqing, Yanbo Hu, and Kai Ren. 2022. "Physical Activity and Academic Procrastination among Chinese University Students: A Parallel Mediation Model of Self-Control and Self-Efficacy" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 10: 6017. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106017

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