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Article

Trust in Medicine as a Factor Conditioning Behaviors Recommended by Healthcare Experts during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Poland

Department of Sociology, Institute of Sociological Sciences and Pedagogy, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
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Academic Editor: Annalaura Carducci
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(1), 605; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010605
Received: 28 November 2021 / Revised: 31 December 2021 / Accepted: 3 January 2022 / Published: 5 January 2022
Objective: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, public health experts have faced the challenge of convincing people to change their everyday habits. This study aims to evaluate the impact of trust in medicine on Polish citizens’ adherence to recommended behaviors. Methods: An online survey was conducted on a quota sample of adult Poles (n = 1072) during the second wave of COVID-19. Results: The trust-in-medicine index was created from statements relating to trust in healthcare professionals, vaccines, and medicines. This index showed that 27.1% of respondents expressed low trust, 36.7% expressed moderate trust, and 36.3% expressed high trust. The recommended behavior index was created from nine statements. This index showed that 15.8% of respondents had low adherence, 38.2% had moderate adherence, and 46.0% had high adherence to the healthcare experts’ recommendations. One-way analysis of variance showed that people with a high trust had significantly higher scores on the recommended behavior index when compared to people with a moderate or low trust. Conclusions: This study suggests that those responsible for health policy should put more effort into building trust not only in health professionals, but also in pharmaceutical companies. We also determined the socio-demographic features of people to whom such actions of trust building should be directed. View Full-Text
Keywords: trust; COVID-19; behavior; healthcare; pharmaceutical industry; Poland trust; COVID-19; behavior; healthcare; pharmaceutical industry; Poland
MDPI and ACS Style

Makowska, M.; Boguszewski, R.; Podkowińska, M. Trust in Medicine as a Factor Conditioning Behaviors Recommended by Healthcare Experts during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 605. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010605

AMA Style

Makowska M, Boguszewski R, Podkowińska M. Trust in Medicine as a Factor Conditioning Behaviors Recommended by Healthcare Experts during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Poland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(1):605. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010605

Chicago/Turabian Style

Makowska, Marta, Rafał Boguszewski, and Monika Podkowińska. 2022. "Trust in Medicine as a Factor Conditioning Behaviors Recommended by Healthcare Experts during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Poland" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 1: 605. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010605

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