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Article

Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Vaccine Hesitancy in Central Texas Immediately Prior to COVID-19 Vaccine Availability

1
Office of Population Health and Science, The Litaker Group, LLC, Austin, TX 78716, USA
2
Office of Population Health, Sendero Health Plans, Inc., Austin, TX 78741, USA
3
Sendero Health Plans, Inc., Austin, TX 78741, USA
4
Undergraduate Public Health Program, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(1), 368; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010368
Received: 26 November 2021 / Revised: 24 December 2021 / Accepted: 25 December 2021 / Published: 30 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vaccine Hesitancy and COVID-19)
Vaccine-induced herd immunity remains the best opportunity for ending the COVID-19 pandemic. However, COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy is a real concern. In this paper, we report on vaccine hesitancy in Central Texas immediately prior to the release of the two mRNA COVID-19 vaccines in late December 2020. A total of 1648 individuals 18 years or older with health insurance living in Central Texas completed a survey on sociodemographic factors and plans to obtain the COVID-19 vaccine. Of the respondents, 64.1% planned to obtain the COVID-19 vaccine. Logistic regression identified the following sociodemographic factors associated with vaccine hesitancy: Black or African American race (POR: 0.351, p < 0.001, 95% CI: 0.211, 0.584), female sex (POR: 0.650, p < 0.001, 95% CI: 0.518, 0.816), age of 35–49 years old (POR: 0.689, p = 0.004, 95% CI: 0.534, 0.890), annual household income of less than US$10,000 (POR: 0.565, p = 0.041, 95% CI: 0.327, 0.976), a high school education or less (POR: 0.565, p = 0.001, 95% CI: 0.401, 0.795), and a high school education but less than a 4-year college degree (POR: 0.572, p < 0.001, 95% CI: 0.442, 0.739). Real-world evidence provided by individuals on plans to get vaccinated can reveal COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy associated heterogeneity. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; vaccine hesitancy; vaccination COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; vaccine hesitancy; vaccination
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MDPI and ACS Style

Litaker, J.R.; Tamez, N.; Lopez Bray, C.; Durkalski, W.; Taylor, R. Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Vaccine Hesitancy in Central Texas Immediately Prior to COVID-19 Vaccine Availability. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 368. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010368

AMA Style

Litaker JR, Tamez N, Lopez Bray C, Durkalski W, Taylor R. Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Vaccine Hesitancy in Central Texas Immediately Prior to COVID-19 Vaccine Availability. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(1):368. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010368

Chicago/Turabian Style

Litaker, John R., Naomi Tamez, Carlos Lopez Bray, Wesley Durkalski, and Richard Taylor. 2022. "Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Vaccine Hesitancy in Central Texas Immediately Prior to COVID-19 Vaccine Availability" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 1: 368. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010368

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