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Article

Physical Intimate Partner Violence, Childhood Physical Abuse and Mental Health of U.S. Caribbean Women: The Interrelationship of Social, Contextual, and Migratory Influences

1
Department of Sociology and African and African American Studies, University of Michigan-Dearborn, Dearborn, MI 48128, USA
2
Department of Occupational Therapy, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
3
Department of Behavioral Sciences, University of Michigan-Flint, Flint, MI 48502, USA
4
Department of Humanities, York University, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
5
Department of Anthropology and Sociology, Denison University, Granville, OH 43023, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(1), 150; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010150
Received: 31 October 2021 / Revised: 15 December 2021 / Accepted: 17 December 2021 / Published: 23 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Influence of Domestic Violence on Mental Health)
The literature has shown an increased risk for mental health conditions among victims of domestic violence. Few studies have examined the relationship between mental health disorders and domestic violence among Caribbean women, and how the association might be influenced by migratory and contextual factors. This study addresses the mental well-being of U.S. Caribbean Black women victims of domestic violence, and the relationships between acculturation, discrimination, and demographic influences. An analysis of data from the 2001–2003 National Survey of American Life (NSAL) re-interview, the first and most complete study on U.S. Caribbean Blacks, was conducted. Bivariate analysis revealed an association between acts of physical domestic violence and mental health conditions, with generally higher risk among women who reported both severe physical intimate partner violence and childhood physical abuse. Multivariate logistic regression indicates an association between specific mental disorders and acts of domestic violence. Acculturation, length of residence in the United States, age, education, poverty, and country of origin were also associated with mental health. The study highlights future directions for exploration including additional investigation of the influence of acculturation on the physical health of victims of domestic violence. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood physical abuse; physical IPV; acculturation; discrimination; mental health childhood physical abuse; physical IPV; acculturation; discrimination; mental health
MDPI and ACS Style

Lacey, K.K.; Parnell, R.; Drummond-Lewis, S.R.; Wood, M.; Powell Sears, K. Physical Intimate Partner Violence, Childhood Physical Abuse and Mental Health of U.S. Caribbean Women: The Interrelationship of Social, Contextual, and Migratory Influences. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 150. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010150

AMA Style

Lacey KK, Parnell R, Drummond-Lewis SR, Wood M, Powell Sears K. Physical Intimate Partner Violence, Childhood Physical Abuse and Mental Health of U.S. Caribbean Women: The Interrelationship of Social, Contextual, and Migratory Influences. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(1):150. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010150

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lacey, Krim K., Regina Parnell, Sasha R. Drummond-Lewis, Maxine Wood, and Karen Powell Sears. 2022. "Physical Intimate Partner Violence, Childhood Physical Abuse and Mental Health of U.S. Caribbean Women: The Interrelationship of Social, Contextual, and Migratory Influences" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 1: 150. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010150

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