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Health Anxiety and Its Correlations with Self-Perceived Risk and Attitude on COVID-19 among Malaysian Healthcare Workers during the Pandemic

1
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Canselor Tuanku Muhriz, Kuala Lumpur 56000, Malaysia
2
Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 56000, Malaysia
3
Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 50586, Malaysia
4
Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 56000, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4879; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094879
Received: 8 April 2021 / Revised: 28 April 2021 / Accepted: 1 May 2021 / Published: 3 May 2021
Healthcare workers (HCW) are exposed to health-related anxiety in times of pandemic as they are considered to have a high risk of being infected whilst being the vital workforce to manage the outbreak. This study determined the factors that influence health anxiety and its extent in correlations with perceived risk, knowledge, attitude, and practice of HCW. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted on a total of 709 HCW from both public and private healthcare facilities who completed a set of questionnaires on sociodemographic data, knowledge, attitude, and practice of HCW on COVID-19, and health anxiety traits assessed using the short version Health Anxiety Inventory (HAI). Multiple linear regression (adjusted R2 = 0.06) revealed respondents with higher perceived risk for COVID-19 significantly predicted higher HAI scores (beta 1.281, p < 0.001, 95%, CI: 0.64, 1.92), and those with a higher cautious attitude towards COVID-19 significantly predicted higher HAI scores (beta 0.686, p < 0.001, 95%CI: 0.35, 1.02). Healthcare workers’ perceived risk and cautious attitude towards COVID-19 might be potentially influenced by management of the sources and approaches to the dissemination of information of the pandemic. The implementation of certain measures that minimize the infection risk and its related anxiety is important to preserve both their physical and psychological wellbeing. View Full-Text
Keywords: front liners; COVID 19; health attitude; health risk perception front liners; COVID 19; health attitude; health risk perception
MDPI and ACS Style

Mohd Salleh Sahimi, H.; Azman, N.; Nik Jaafar, N.R.; Mohd Daud, T.I.; Baharudin, A.; Ismail, A.K.; Abdul Malek, A.Z.; Hassan, M.R.; Mohammed Nawi, A. Health Anxiety and Its Correlations with Self-Perceived Risk and Attitude on COVID-19 among Malaysian Healthcare Workers during the Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4879. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094879

AMA Style

Mohd Salleh Sahimi H, Azman N, Nik Jaafar NR, Mohd Daud TI, Baharudin A, Ismail AK, Abdul Malek AZ, Hassan MR, Mohammed Nawi A. Health Anxiety and Its Correlations with Self-Perceived Risk and Attitude on COVID-19 among Malaysian Healthcare Workers during the Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4879. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094879

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mohd Salleh Sahimi, Hajar; Azman, Nazirah; Nik Jaafar, Nik R.; Mohd Daud, Tuti I.; Baharudin, Azlin; Ismail, Ahmad K.; Abdul Malek, Akramul Z.; Hassan, Mohd. R.; Mohammed Nawi, Azmawati. 2021. "Health Anxiety and Its Correlations with Self-Perceived Risk and Attitude on COVID-19 among Malaysian Healthcare Workers during the Pandemic" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 9: 4879. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094879

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