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Review

Role of Callous and Unemotional (CU) Traits on the Development of Youth with Behavioral Disorders: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Special Education, University of Fribourg, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
2
Department of Special Education, University of Teacher Education of State of Vaud, 1014 Lausanne, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Simona De Stasio and Carmen Berenguer
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4712; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094712
Received: 18 March 2021 / Revised: 26 April 2021 / Accepted: 27 April 2021 / Published: 28 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Childhood Education and Care)
Numerous studies have shown that youth with behavioral disorders (BD) present an increased risk for developing severe and persistent antisocial behaviors in adulthood. Retrospective research notes that not all children and adolescents follow a negative trajectory and explains this heterogeneity in particular by the severity of CU traits. Our study examines how these traits affect the functioning of children and adolescents with BD. Method: A systematic literature review conducted through various databases and using different keywords made it possible to analyze 52 studies published from 2015 to 2020 that measured the bidirectional effects of CU traits on the functioning of young. Results: Out of the 52 studies, 47 analyzed links between CU traits and neurobiological or mental health, 20 examined family and school contexts, eight focused on social adjustment, 10 on social interactions and 19 measured links with cognitive functioning, especially executive functions. Conclusion: Consistent with previous recommendations in the field, our findings emphasize the importance of assessing the presence of UC traits in early childhood to prevent the emergence of comorbid disorders and to target multimodal (early) interventions to influence the life trajectories of youth with high CU traits. View Full-Text
Keywords: callous-unemotional traits; childhood; functioning; review callous-unemotional traits; childhood; functioning; review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Squillaci, M.; Benoit, V. Role of Callous and Unemotional (CU) Traits on the Development of Youth with Behavioral Disorders: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4712. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094712

AMA Style

Squillaci M, Benoit V. Role of Callous and Unemotional (CU) Traits on the Development of Youth with Behavioral Disorders: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4712. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094712

Chicago/Turabian Style

Squillaci, Myriam, and Valérie Benoit. 2021. "Role of Callous and Unemotional (CU) Traits on the Development of Youth with Behavioral Disorders: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 9: 4712. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094712

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