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Article

Factors Associated with Practice of Chemical Pesticide Use and Acute Poisoning Experienced by Farmers in Chitwan District, Nepal

1
Nepal Public Health Foundation, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
2
Institute of Medicine, Tribhuwan University, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
3
Clinic of Occupational Medicine, Clinical Institute, University of Southern Denmark, 5000 Odense, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Claudio Colosio
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4194; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084194
Received: 20 February 2021 / Revised: 31 March 2021 / Accepted: 9 April 2021 / Published: 15 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Agricultural Occupational Health and Occupational Exposure)
In view of increasing irrational use and unsafe handling of pesticides in agriculture in Nepal, a descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the practice of chemical pesticide use and acute health symptoms experienced by farmers. A total of 790 farmers from the Chitwan district were randomly selected for the study. X2 test, T-test, and Multiple Logistic Regression were used for analysis. Among the farmers, 84% used exclusively chemical pesticide. Farmers with better knowledge on pesticide handling were 8.3 times more likely to practice safe purchasing, four times more likely to practice safe mixing and spraying, and two times more likely to practice safe storage and disposal. Similarly, perception/attitude of farmers about chemical pesticide policy and market management was significantly associated with the practice of farmers during purchasing, mixing and spraying, and storage and disposal. Among the users of chemical pesticides, 18.7% farmers experienced one or more pesticide related acute symptoms of health problems during the previous 12 months. Farmers with unsafe practices of pesticide handling were two times more likely to suffer from acute poisoning. It is concluded that knowledge about pesticide handling and favorable perception/attitude on pesticide policy and market management are the predictors of safe use of pesticide. View Full-Text
Keywords: pesticides; safety measures; acute poisoning; Nepal pesticides; safety measures; acute poisoning; Nepal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kafle, S.; Vaidya, A.; Pradhan, B.; Jørs, E.; Onta, S. Factors Associated with Practice of Chemical Pesticide Use and Acute Poisoning Experienced by Farmers in Chitwan District, Nepal. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4194. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084194

AMA Style

Kafle S, Vaidya A, Pradhan B, Jørs E, Onta S. Factors Associated with Practice of Chemical Pesticide Use and Acute Poisoning Experienced by Farmers in Chitwan District, Nepal. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4194. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084194

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kafle, Simrin, Abhinav Vaidya, Bandana Pradhan, Erik Jørs, and Sharad Onta. 2021. "Factors Associated with Practice of Chemical Pesticide Use and Acute Poisoning Experienced by Farmers in Chitwan District, Nepal" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 8: 4194. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084194

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