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Article

Patterns of Alcohol Consumption in the PURE Poland Cohort Study and Their Relationship with Health Problems

1
Department of Social Medicine, Wroclaw Medical University, 50-345 Wrocław, Poland
2
Calisia University, 62-800 Kalisz, Poland
3
Department of Angiology, Hypertension and Diabetology, Wroclaw Medical University, 50-556 Wroclaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Wioletta Zukiewicz-Sobczak, Paulina Wojtyla-Buciora, Izabela Rącka and Andrzej Wojtyla
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4185; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084185
Received: 14 March 2021 / Revised: 5 April 2021 / Accepted: 13 April 2021 / Published: 15 April 2021
(1) Background: Alcohol is a leading risk factor of premature morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to investigate the patterns of alcohol consumption in the PURE Poland cohort study baseline. (2) Methods: A Polish cohort was enrolled in the baseline study in 2007–2010. The study group consisted of 2021 adult participants of urban and rural areas from the Lower Silesia voivodeship in Poland (747 men and 1274 women). (3) Results: In the overall study population, 67.3% were current drinkers, 10.3% were former drinkers, and 22.4% were abstainers. Current use of alcohol products was more prevalent in men (77.2%), people living in urban areas (73.0%), and people with a higher level of education (78.0%). The percentage of current drinkers decreased with increasing age (from 73.4% in 30- to 44-year-olds to 48.8% in participants aged 64 and more). The majority of participants (89.2%) declared a low level of alcohol intake. The chance of high level of intake of alcohol was four times higher in men than in women (OR 4.17; CI 1.64–10.6). The majority of participants (54.6%) declared most frequent consumption of low-alcohol drinks (beer, wine) and 21% declared most frequent consumption of spirits. Current drinkers had almost 1.5-fold higher odds of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) than never drinkers (OR 1.49, CI 1.03–2.17; OR 1.66, CI 1.27–2.18, respectively). Former drinkers had higher odds for hypertension and CVD than never drinkers (1.73, CI 1.05–2.85; OR 1.76, CI 1.22–2.53, respectively). (4) Conclusions: In our cohort study, we observed several socio-demographic factors differentiating the patterns of alcohol consumption. The preventive programs should focus predominantly on men, people aged <45 years, and those with a higher level of education. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol; cohort study; PURE alcohol; cohort study; PURE
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zatońska, K.; Psikus, P.; Basiak-Rasała, A.; Stępnicka, Z.; Wołyniec, M.; Wojtyła, A.; Szuba, A.; Połtyn-Zaradna, K. Patterns of Alcohol Consumption in the PURE Poland Cohort Study and Their Relationship with Health Problems. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4185. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084185

AMA Style

Zatońska K, Psikus P, Basiak-Rasała A, Stępnicka Z, Wołyniec M, Wojtyła A, Szuba A, Połtyn-Zaradna K. Patterns of Alcohol Consumption in the PURE Poland Cohort Study and Their Relationship with Health Problems. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4185. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084185

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zatońska, Katarzyna, Piotr Psikus, Alicja Basiak-Rasała, Zuzanna Stępnicka, Maria Wołyniec, Andrzej Wojtyła, Andrzej Szuba, and Katarzyna Połtyn-Zaradna. 2021. "Patterns of Alcohol Consumption in the PURE Poland Cohort Study and Their Relationship with Health Problems" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 8: 4185. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084185

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