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Article

Perception and Demands of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women Regarding Their Role as Participants in Environmental Research Studies

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Seron Primary Care Center, Northern Almería Integrated Healthcare Area, 04600 Huercal-Overa, Almería, Spain
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Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Medicine, University of Almería, 04120 La Cañada, Almería, Spain
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Department of Anthropology, Philosophy and Social Work, University Rovira i Virgili, 43003 Tarragona, Tarragona, Spain
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Department of Nursing, Medical Anthropology Research Centre (MARC), University Rovira i Virgili, 43003 Tarragona, Tarragona, Spain
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Antequera Hospital, Northern Málaga Integrated Healthcare Area, 29200 Antequera, Malaga, Spain
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Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Granada, Spain
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Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada (ibs.GRANADA), 18012 Granada, Granada, Spain
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CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), 28029 Madrid, Granada, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4149; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084149
Received: 26 March 2021 / Revised: 9 April 2021 / Accepted: 10 April 2021 / Published: 14 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Toxicology and Environmental Epidemiology: Feature Papers)
A significant proportion of scientific studies consider pregnant and breastfeeding women as vulnerable subjects. The objective of this study was to analyse the perception of pregnant and breastfeeding women regarding their participation in environmental research studies. Our work is a descriptive and interpretative observational study that has been developed under the qualitative research paradigm following a phenomenological and ethnographic perspective. The study involved 173 women selected intentionally in two Spanish autonomous communities. To obtain the primary data, we relied upon 111 interviews, four focused ethnographies and eight focus groups. The data encoding and analysis was carried out with the help of NVivo 12 software (QSR International, Boston, MA, USA). We evidenced the need of pregnant and breastfeeding women for more detailed and accurate information on the risk of environmental pollutant exposure during their crucial life stage. In addition, these women claimed for a more participatory role in research studies. Pregnant and breastfeeding women in Spain ask for greater interaction with researchers and propose a dialogical relationship between valid partners. We conclude that our pregnant and breastfeeding women claim more research focused on their collective, as well as clearer, more accessible and structured information on the risks of exposure to environmental contaminants. In addition, they do not want to simply be informants; rather, they ask to be active and empowered members by providing their opinions and arguments throughout the research process. View Full-Text
Keywords: pregnancy; breastfeeding; vulnerable population; environmental risk; qualitative research pregnancy; breastfeeding; vulnerable population; environmental risk; qualitative research
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MDPI and ACS Style

Company-Morales, M.; Zafra Aparici, E.; Casadó, L.; Alarcón Montenegro, C.; Arrebola, J.P. Perception and Demands of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women Regarding Their Role as Participants in Environmental Research Studies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4149. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084149

AMA Style

Company-Morales M, Zafra Aparici E, Casadó L, Alarcón Montenegro C, Arrebola JP. Perception and Demands of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women Regarding Their Role as Participants in Environmental Research Studies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4149. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084149

Chicago/Turabian Style

Company-Morales, Miguel, Eva Zafra Aparici, Lina Casadó, Cristina Alarcón Montenegro, and Juan P. Arrebola 2021. "Perception and Demands of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Women Regarding Their Role as Participants in Environmental Research Studies" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 8: 4149. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084149

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