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Article

First Data in the Process of Validating a Tool to Evaluate Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Healthcare Providers in Oral Care of Institutionalized Elderly Residents: Content Validity, Reliability and Pilot Study

School of Nursing, Tung Wah College, Hong Kong, China
Academic Editors: Yolanda Martinez Beneyto, Antonio J. Ortiz Ruiz, Ascensión Vicente Hernandez and Jeffrey Braithwaite
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4145; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084145
Received: 20 February 2021 / Revised: 6 April 2021 / Accepted: 7 April 2021 / Published: 14 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Health: The First Step to Well-Being)
Background: Oral health of elderly people is a global concern. Poor oral health in institutionalized elderly people has been attributed to poor knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of healthcare providers. However, no validated KAP tool is available yet. Objective: To develop and validate a tool to measure knowledge, attitude, and practice of healthcare providers in oral care of institutionalized elderly people. Methods: The development and validation of the tool was based on literature reviews, comments from professional experts, and statistical analytic methods. Content validity in the instrument psychometric property and its relevance with reliability are essential. Content validity ratio and content validity index were performed. Then, a pilot study was conducted in 20 institutionalized healthcare providers for testing applicability, feasibility, and reliability. Results: A total of 43 items were developed in three domains, knowledge (19 items), attitude (13 items), and practice (11 items). Content validity analysis revealed the KAP tool with high values of the I-CVI (score 1.00) and S-CVI (S-CVI/UA result 1.00). The test-retest reliability with Cronbach’s alphas of knowledge, attitude, practice, and overall KAP were 0.67, 0.93, 0.92, and 0.94, respectively. Conclusions: The developed and validated tool is appropriate to measure KAP of healthcare providers in oral care of institutionalized elderly people. It can be used to measure KAP of institutionalized healthcare providers in order to develop appropriate strategies to improve KAP of healthcare providers. View Full-Text
Keywords: elderly; oral care; healthcare providers; knowledge; attitudes; practices; tool; validation elderly; oral care; healthcare providers; knowledge; attitudes; practices; tool; validation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wong, F.M.F. First Data in the Process of Validating a Tool to Evaluate Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Healthcare Providers in Oral Care of Institutionalized Elderly Residents: Content Validity, Reliability and Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4145. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084145

AMA Style

Wong FMF. First Data in the Process of Validating a Tool to Evaluate Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Healthcare Providers in Oral Care of Institutionalized Elderly Residents: Content Validity, Reliability and Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4145. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084145

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wong, Florence M.F. 2021. "First Data in the Process of Validating a Tool to Evaluate Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Healthcare Providers in Oral Care of Institutionalized Elderly Residents: Content Validity, Reliability and Pilot Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 8: 4145. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084145

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