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Open AccessArticle

A Cross-Sectional Study on Disparities in Unmet Need among Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Thailand in 2019

1
International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Tiwanon Road, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand
2
Division of Epidemiology, Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 3901; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083901
Received: 3 March 2021 / Revised: 28 March 2021 / Accepted: 5 April 2021 / Published: 8 April 2021
The health of urban refugees and asylum seekers (URAS) in Thailand has been under-researched compared with other groups of non-Thai populations, especially on the topic of unmet need. The aim of this study is to examine the level of unmet need among URAS in Thailand, focusing on out-patient (OP) and in-patient (IP) care. A cross-sectional study was conducted between October and December 2019. Stratified random sampling was undertaken and a total of 181 participants were included. A bivariate analysis was used to explore the level of unmet need among different URAS groups. Multivariate logistic regression was undertaken to examine the association between potential correlations and unmet need of IP and OP care. The majority of participants were female and aged below 30 years, with a low educational background and poor economic status. Most of them had experienced an illness in the past month before the interview, and some suffered from chronic diseases. The prevalence of both OP and IP unmet needs was more frequent among URAS from Arab countries. Furthermore, being from Arab countries indicated a strong link with OP and IP unmet need. Additionally, having illness over the past six months and chronic diseases were found to be significant determinants of IP unmet need. Our analysis showed that nationality had a strong association with both IP and OP unmet need, especially among those from Arab countries. Therefore, culturally appropriate health services should be considered to promote healthcare access among diverse groups of URAS. Further qualitative studies on barriers to accessing OP and IP care, such as communication, interpretation, and social dimensions, are required. View Full-Text
Keywords: unmet need; refugees; asylum seekers; health policy unmet need; refugees; asylum seekers; health policy
MDPI and ACS Style

Kunpeuk, W.; Julchoo, S.; Phaiyarom, M.; Sinam, P.; Pudpong, N.; Suphanchaimat, R. A Cross-Sectional Study on Disparities in Unmet Need among Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Thailand in 2019. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3901. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083901

AMA Style

Kunpeuk W, Julchoo S, Phaiyarom M, Sinam P, Pudpong N, Suphanchaimat R. A Cross-Sectional Study on Disparities in Unmet Need among Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Thailand in 2019. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):3901. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083901

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kunpeuk, Watinee; Julchoo, Sataporn; Phaiyarom, Mathudara; Sinam, Pigunkaew; Pudpong, Nareerut; Suphanchaimat, Rapeepong. 2021. "A Cross-Sectional Study on Disparities in Unmet Need among Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Thailand in 2019" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 8: 3901. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083901

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