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Article

Effect of an Endurance and Strength Mixed Circuit Training on Regional Fat Thickness: The Quest for the “Spot Reduction”

1
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Padua, 35131 Padua, Italy
2
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Unit, University of Palermo, 90128 Palermo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: António Carlos Sousa and Pantelis T. Nikolaidis
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3845; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073845
Received: 11 March 2021 / Accepted: 5 April 2021 / Published: 6 April 2021
Accumulation of adipose tissue in specific body areas is related to many physiological and hormonal variables. Spot reduction (SR) is a training protocol aimed to stimulate lipolysis locally, even though this training protocol has not been extensively studied in recent years. Thus, the present study sought to investigate the effect of a circuit-training SR on subcutaneous adipose tissue in healthy adults. Methods: Fourteen volunteers were randomly assigned to spot reduction (SR) or to a traditional resistance training (RT) protocol. Body composition via bioimpedance analysis (BIA) and subcutaneous adipose tissue via skinfold and ultrasound were measured before and after eight weeks of training. Results: SR significantly reduced body mass (p < 0.05) and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (p < 0.05). Conclusions: circuit-training SR may be an efficient strategy to reduce in a localized manner abdominal subcutaneous fat tissue depot. View Full-Text
Keywords: spot reduction; body composition; resistance training; adipose tissue spot reduction; body composition; resistance training; adipose tissue
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MDPI and ACS Style

Paoli, A.; Casolo, A.; Saoncella, M.; Bertaggia, C.; Fantin, M.; Bianco, A.; Marcolin, G.; Moro, T. Effect of an Endurance and Strength Mixed Circuit Training on Regional Fat Thickness: The Quest for the “Spot Reduction”. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3845. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073845

AMA Style

Paoli A, Casolo A, Saoncella M, Bertaggia C, Fantin M, Bianco A, Marcolin G, Moro T. Effect of an Endurance and Strength Mixed Circuit Training on Regional Fat Thickness: The Quest for the “Spot Reduction”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3845. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073845

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paoli, Antonio, Andrea Casolo, Matteo Saoncella, Carlo Bertaggia, Marco Fantin, Antonino Bianco, Giuseppe Marcolin, and Tatiana Moro. 2021. "Effect of an Endurance and Strength Mixed Circuit Training on Regional Fat Thickness: The Quest for the “Spot Reduction”" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 7: 3845. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073845

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