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Article

Effectiveness of an Intervention Aimed at Improving Information for Patients with High Cardiovascular Risk: INFORISK Clinical Trial

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EAP Sardenya-IIB Sant Pau, 08025 Barcelona, Spain
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Epidemiology Department, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, CIBER Cardiovascular, IIB Sant Pau, 08041 Barcelona, Spain
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EAP Dreta de l’Eixample, 08013 Barcelona, Spain
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ABS Sagrada Familia, 08017 Barcelona, Spain
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ABS Gaudí, 08017 Barcelona, Spain
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EAP Vic Sud, 08500 Vic, Spain
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CAP Pare Claret, 08037 Barcelona, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
INFORISK Study Investigators are listed in acknowledgments.
Academic Editors: Belchin Kostov, Luis González de Paz and Antoni Sisó-Almirall
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3621; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073621
Received: 9 March 2021 / Revised: 22 March 2021 / Accepted: 25 March 2021 / Published: 31 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Primary Healthcare)
Background: The concept of global cardiovascular risk is not usually well understood by patients in consultation. Methods: This was a multicenter, prospective, randomized, open clinical trial of one-year duration to evaluate the effectiveness in reducing global cardiovascular risk with an intervention aimed at high-risk patients to improve information on the cardiovascular risk compared to the usual care. The intervention was focused on providing information about cardiovascular risk in a more understandable way, explaining the best practices to reduce cardiovascular risk, and tailoring information to the individual. Results: Four-hundred and sixty-four subjects participated in the study; 59.3% were men, and the mean age was 61.0 (SD 8.0) years. Significant reductions in systolic blood pressure (SBP) (−3.12 mmHg), body mass index (BMI) (−0.34 kg/m2), abdominal circumference (−1.24 cm), and REGICOR cardiovascular risk (−0.63) were observed in the intervention group. Overall, no differences in cardiovascular risk score were observed between groups at the end of follow-up. Conclusions: Providing an easy-to-understand assessment of the cardiovascular risk motivated high-risk patients to adopt a healthier lifestyle and improved cardiovascular risk after one year in the intervention group. Clinicians should assess a patient’s baseline understanding of their CV risk using tools other than absolute risk before making treatment recommendations. View Full-Text
Keywords: primary care; early intervention; educational; heart disease risk factors primary care; early intervention; educational; heart disease risk factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brotons, C.; Moral, I.; Fernández, D.; Puig, M.; Vilella, M.T.; Puig, T.; Cuixart, L.; Férriz, G.; Pedro, A.M.; Codinachs, R.; Rodríguez, M.; Fuentes, R.; on behalf of INFORISK Study Investigators. Effectiveness of an Intervention Aimed at Improving Information for Patients with High Cardiovascular Risk: INFORISK Clinical Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3621. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073621

AMA Style

Brotons C, Moral I, Fernández D, Puig M, Vilella MT, Puig T, Cuixart L, Férriz G, Pedro AM, Codinachs R, Rodríguez M, Fuentes R, on behalf of INFORISK Study Investigators. Effectiveness of an Intervention Aimed at Improving Information for Patients with High Cardiovascular Risk: INFORISK Clinical Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3621. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073621

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brotons, Carlos, Irene Moral, Diana Fernández, Mireia Puig, M. Teresa Vilella, Teresa Puig, LLuís Cuixart, Gemma Férriz, Anna M. Pedro, Roger Codinachs, Mónica Rodríguez, Rubén Fuentes, and on behalf of INFORISK Study Investigators. 2021. "Effectiveness of an Intervention Aimed at Improving Information for Patients with High Cardiovascular Risk: INFORISK Clinical Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 7: 3621. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073621

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