Next Article in Journal
Attitudes toward Homosexuality among Nurses in Taiwan: Effects of Survey Year and Sociodemographic Characteristics
Previous Article in Journal
Oral Health Status, Knowledge, and Behaviours of People with Diabetes in Sydney, Australia
 
 
Article

The Therapeutic Relationship in China: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

by 1,2,*, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2 and 3
1
School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
2
Research Center for the Belt and Road Health Policy and Health Technology Assessment, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
3
School of Public Health and Emergency Management, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3460; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073460
Received: 23 February 2021 / Revised: 17 March 2021 / Accepted: 22 March 2021 / Published: 26 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Care Sciences & Services)
With a surge of conflicts between healthcare workers and patients in recent years, the therapeutic relationship (TR) in China is presently in tension. Meanwhile, consequent issues have begun to emerge, such as the distrust between healthcare workers and patients and the decline in the quality of medical services. Although many empirical studies about the TR have been conducted in China, previous studies on TR and its influencing factors have been contradictory. Therefore, this study conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the current situation of the TR and to identify factors associated with the TR in Chinese hospitals from three perspectives (healthcare worker, patient, and therapeutic interaction). Two reviewers independently searched the literature, selected researches, and extracted data through comprehensively searching of three international electronic databases and three Chinese electronic databases to identify all relevant observational studies on influencing factors for TR in China published in English and Chinese from January 2000 to January 2020. Among the 3290 records initially identified, 11 studies met the selection criteria. A total of 96,906 individuals were included in the review. The results showed that 55.73% of healthcare workers consider the TR to be tense, and 33.7% of patients hold this view. The meta-analysis indicated that healthcare workers who were male, older, less educated, working in a non-surgical department, and had a senior title were more likely to be pessimistic about the TR. Patients who were rural residents, highly educated, and had no medical insurance were more likely to be pessimistic about the TR. Furthermore, the mutual trust could improve rapport between healthcare workers and patients. The 25 other related factors related to the TR were analyzed and described using a narrative approach. The findings might deserve consideration in the design of relative policies to promote harmony between doctors and patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: therapeutic relationship; medical disputes; determinants; systematic review; meta-analysis therapeutic relationship; medical disputes; determinants; systematic review; meta-analysis
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mao, Y.; Ning, W.; Zhang, N.; Xie, T.; Liu, J.; Lu, Y.; Zhu, B. The Therapeutic Relationship in China: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3460. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073460

AMA Style

Mao Y, Ning W, Zhang N, Xie T, Liu J, Lu Y, Zhu B. The Therapeutic Relationship in China: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3460. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073460

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mao, Ying, Wei Ning, Ning Zhang, Tao Xie, Jinnan Liu, Yongbo Lu, and Bin Zhu. 2021. "The Therapeutic Relationship in China: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 7: 3460. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073460

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop