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Article

Insulin Resistance in Association with Thyroid Function, Psychoemotional State, and Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Laboratory of Behavioral Medicine, Neuroscience Institute, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT-00135 Palanga, Lithuania
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Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3388; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073388
Received: 4 February 2021 / Revised: 17 March 2021 / Accepted: 23 March 2021 / Published: 25 March 2021
Background: Individuals with insulin resistance (IR) have a high risk of diabetes or metabolic syndrome, and they are more likely to have depression. Furthermore, IR by itself is a major cardiovascular risk factor in healthy persons. Thus, we aimed to investigate IR in association with thyroid function, psychoemotional state, and cardiovascular risk factors among 45–84-year-old citizens of Palanga. Methods: A randomized epidemiological study was performed with 850 subjects. All participants were evaluated for sociodemographic, clinical, and cardiovascular risk factors and biochemical analysis. IR was evaluated by the homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR). Results: All study participants were stratified into groups without IR (HOMA-IR ≤ 2.7) and with IR (HOMA-IR > 2.7). The analysis of parameters between the two study groups showed some statistically significant relationships between IR and cardiovascular risk factors. The predictable accuracy was presented using receiver performance characteristic curves for HOMA-IR scores in women and men separately. If the HOMA-IR score is higher than 3.45, individuals are significantly more likely to have type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Conclusions: An increase of fasting glucose and more frequent incidence of metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases in subjects with IR are associated with the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. There was no significant association between thyroid function and HOMA-IR. HOMA-IR cut-offs could predict the presence of T2DM. View Full-Text
Keywords: insulin resistance; coronary artery disease; thyroid function; psychoemotional insulin resistance; coronary artery disease; thyroid function; psychoemotional
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kazukauskiene, N.; Podlipskyte, A.; Varoneckas, G.; Mickuviene, N. Insulin Resistance in Association with Thyroid Function, Psychoemotional State, and Cardiovascular Risk Factors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3388. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073388

AMA Style

Kazukauskiene N, Podlipskyte A, Varoneckas G, Mickuviene N. Insulin Resistance in Association with Thyroid Function, Psychoemotional State, and Cardiovascular Risk Factors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3388. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073388

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kazukauskiene, Nijole, Aurelija Podlipskyte, Giedrius Varoneckas, and Narseta Mickuviene. 2021. "Insulin Resistance in Association with Thyroid Function, Psychoemotional State, and Cardiovascular Risk Factors" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 7: 3388. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073388

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