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Article

The Frequency of Use and Harm Perception of Heated Tobacco Products (HTPs): The 2019 Cross-Sectional Survey among Medical Students from Poland

1
Department of Epidemiology, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
2
School of Public Health, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, 01-826 Warsaw, Poland
3
Canadian Centre for Health and Safety in Agriculture, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 2Z4, Canada
4
Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0W8, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Scott Weaver and Adam O. Goldstein
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3381; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073381
Received: 8 February 2021 / Revised: 20 March 2021 / Accepted: 22 March 2021 / Published: 24 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Health Risk)
Heated tobacco products (HTPs) are devices for generating a nicotine aerosol by heating the tobacco sticks. This study aimed to assess (1) the prevalence of HTP and tobacco cigarette usage among medical students, (2) to characterize smoking habits and (3) to assess students’ awareness and opinions about HTPs. A cross-sectional survey on the frequency and attitudes toward cigarettes, e-cigarettes and HTP use was performed between 2019–2020 at the Medical University of Silesia in Katowice (Poland). The data were obtained from 1344 students aged 21.8 ± 1.9 years (response rate: 66.9%). Current traditional tobacco use was 13.2%, e-cigarettes use 3.5%, and HTP use 2.8% of students. Duration of use was shorter among HTPs users comparing to cigarette smokers (p < 0.001) although the number of tobacco sticks used daily was similar (p = 0.1). Almost 30% of respondents have ever tried HTPs. HTPs were considered safe by 5.3% of respondents (43.2% of HTP users vs. 3.9% of non-HTP users, p < 0.001). HTP users were more likely to report that heating tobacco is not addictive (odds ratio (OR) = 8.9, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.8–45.8) and disagreed with a public ban on HTP use (OR = 4.9, 95%CI: 2.5–9.8). Among students, HTP use was less popular than cigarette smoking, but awareness of their presence is widespread. View Full-Text
Keywords: heated tobacco products; heating tobacco; smoking; tobacco; students heated tobacco products; heating tobacco; smoking; tobacco; students
MDPI and ACS Style

Majek, P.; Jankowski, M.; Nowak, B.; Macherski, M.; Nowak, M.; Gil, A.; Nakiela, P.; Lewicka, B.; Lawson, J.A.; Zejda, J.E.; Brożek, G.M. The Frequency of Use and Harm Perception of Heated Tobacco Products (HTPs): The 2019 Cross-Sectional Survey among Medical Students from Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3381. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073381

AMA Style

Majek P, Jankowski M, Nowak B, Macherski M, Nowak M, Gil A, Nakiela P, Lewicka B, Lawson JA, Zejda JE, Brożek GM. The Frequency of Use and Harm Perception of Heated Tobacco Products (HTPs): The 2019 Cross-Sectional Survey among Medical Students from Poland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3381. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073381

Chicago/Turabian Style

Majek, Paulina, Mateusz Jankowski, Bartłomiej Nowak, Maksymilian Macherski, Maciej Nowak, Aleksandra Gil, Piotr Nakiela, Barbara Lewicka, Joshua A. Lawson, Jan E. Zejda, and Grzegorz M. Brożek 2021. "The Frequency of Use and Harm Perception of Heated Tobacco Products (HTPs): The 2019 Cross-Sectional Survey among Medical Students from Poland" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 7: 3381. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073381

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