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Article

24-h Movement Guidelines and Substance Use among Adolescents: A School-Based Cross-Sectional Study

1
School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
2
Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, ON K1H 8L1, Canada
3
Centre for Fertility and Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P.O. Box 222 Skøyen, N-0213 Oslo, Norway
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School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada
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Institute of Mental Health Research, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
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Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada
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Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: José Enrique Moral-García, Sergio López-García, Eliseo García-Cantó and Cristian Abelairas-Gómez
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 3309; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063309
Received: 16 February 2021 / Revised: 10 March 2021 / Accepted: 18 March 2021 / Published: 23 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health Behaviors in Children and Adolescents)
Children and youth are recommended to achieve at least 60 min/day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, no more than 2 h/day of recreational screen time, and a sleep duration of 9–11 h/night for 11–13-year-olds or 8–10 h/night for 14–17-year-olds. Meeting the physical activity, screen time, and sleep duration recommendations have previously been associated with substance use among adolescents. However, previous research has mainly examined these factors individually rather than looking at how these indicators could concurrently relate to substance use in this age group. Therefore, this study examined the associations between meeting the 24-h movement guidelines for screen time, sleep duration, and physical activity (independent variables) with substance use outcomes including alcohol consumption, cannabis use, and cigarette smoking (dependent variables) among adolescents. Self-reported data from a cross-sectional and representative sample of 10,236 students (mean age = 15.1 years) in Ontario, Canada were analyzed. Logistic regression models stratified by gender were adjusted for potential confounders. Combinations of 24-h movement guidelines was differentially associated with substance use in boys and girls. Overall, findings showed that meeting 24-h movement guidelines is associated with lower odds of alcohol consumption, cannabis use, and cigarette smoking differentially with type of recommendation met and gender. Given that the associations between 24-h movement guidelines and substance use differ between boys and girls, future efforts should take this into consideration. View Full-Text
Keywords: screen time; sleep duration; physical activity; alcohol consumption; cigarette smoking; cannabis use; teenagers screen time; sleep duration; physical activity; alcohol consumption; cigarette smoking; cannabis use; teenagers
MDPI and ACS Style

Sampasa-Kanyinga, H.; Colman, I.; Goldfield, G.S.; Janssen, I.; Wang, J.; Hamilton, H.A.; Chaput, J.-P. 24-h Movement Guidelines and Substance Use among Adolescents: A School-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3309. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063309

AMA Style

Sampasa-Kanyinga H, Colman I, Goldfield GS, Janssen I, Wang J, Hamilton HA, Chaput J-P. 24-h Movement Guidelines and Substance Use among Adolescents: A School-Based Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):3309. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063309

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sampasa-Kanyinga, Hugues, Ian Colman, Gary S. Goldfield, Ian Janssen, JianLi Wang, Hayley A. Hamilton, and Jean-Philippe Chaput. 2021. "24-h Movement Guidelines and Substance Use among Adolescents: A School-Based Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 3309. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063309

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