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Article

Effects of Ischemic Compression on Trigger Points in the First Dorsal Interosseous Muscle in Patients with Thumb Carpometacarpal Osteoarthritis

1
iPhysio Research Group, Universidad San Jorge, Autov. A23 km 299, Villanueva de Gállego, CP 50830 Zaragoza, Spain
2
IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, 20148 Milan, Italy
3
Tecan Hand Center, University of Málaga, CP 29009 Málaga, Spain
4
Ruskin Campus, Gannon University, Ruskin, FL 33573, USA
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Department of Physiatry and Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, C/Domingo Miral s/n, CP 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Terry Cronan and Sara Holmberg
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 2961; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062961
Received: 18 January 2021 / Revised: 7 March 2021 / Accepted: 11 March 2021 / Published: 14 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation in Rehabilitation and Global Health)
Background: Thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis (CMC OA) is a common disorder that interferes with the ability to perform the activities of daily life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the immediate effects of ischemic compression on myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in the first dorsal interosseous (FDI) muscle in patients with the diagnosis of thumb CMC OA. Methods: In a quasi-experimental clinical trial, thirty-one patients, 87% female (age: 82 ± 9.4 years), with thumb CMC OA, were consecutively assigned to either an experimental treatment that included the ischemic compression of the FDI MTrP or a sham treatment of the FDI MTrP for one session. The main outcome considered in the study was the pressure pain threshold (PPT). Measurements were taken pre- and post-treatment and at a 1-week follow-up period. Results: The PPT over the right (affected) FDI muscle showed statistically significant differences between groups at 1-week follow up (F = 3.518; p = 0.04) in favor of the experimental group. Conclusions: The ischemic compression of FDI-MTrPs is an appropriate part of a multimodal treatment to decrease local pain sensitivity in patients with CMC OA. View Full-Text
Keywords: myofascial pain; myofascial trigger point; osteoarthritis; pain management; pressure pain threshold myofascial pain; myofascial trigger point; osteoarthritis; pain management; pressure pain threshold
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MDPI and ACS Style

López-Royo, M.P.; Pedersini, P.; Cantero-Téllez, R.; Valdes, K.; Doménech-García, V.; Herrero, P.; Villafañe, J.H. Effects of Ischemic Compression on Trigger Points in the First Dorsal Interosseous Muscle in Patients with Thumb Carpometacarpal Osteoarthritis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2961. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062961

AMA Style

López-Royo MP, Pedersini P, Cantero-Téllez R, Valdes K, Doménech-García V, Herrero P, Villafañe JH. Effects of Ischemic Compression on Trigger Points in the First Dorsal Interosseous Muscle in Patients with Thumb Carpometacarpal Osteoarthritis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):2961. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062961

Chicago/Turabian Style

López-Royo, María P., Paolo Pedersini, Raquel Cantero-Téllez, Kristin Valdes, Víctor Doménech-García, Pablo Herrero, and Jorge H. Villafañe 2021. "Effects of Ischemic Compression on Trigger Points in the First Dorsal Interosseous Muscle in Patients with Thumb Carpometacarpal Osteoarthritis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 2961. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062961

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