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Article

Effects of Lifestyle Changes on the Mental Health of Healthcare Workers with Different Sense of Coherence Levels in the Era of COVID-19 Pandemic

1
Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kitasato University, Kanagawa 252-0373, Japan
2
Department of Rehabilitation Therapist, Saiseikai Higashikanagawa Rehabilitation Hospital, Kanagawa 221-0822, Japan
3
Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Allied Health Sciences, Kitasato University, Kanagawa 252-0373, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Andrea Fiorillo and Maurizio Pompili
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 2801; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062801
Received: 12 February 2021 / Revised: 5 March 2021 / Accepted: 5 March 2021 / Published: 10 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health in the Time of COVID-19)
Sense of coherence (SOC) is a psychological factor that contributes to mental health maintenance under stressful environment. Likewise, level of SOC might affect mental health among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic differently. In this study, we investigated the relationships between lifestyle changes and mental health (General Health Questionnaire-12: GHQ-12) among different level of SOC (weak, moderate, or strong by SOC-13). The data of 898 healthcare workers from cross-sectional survey dataset were extracted and analyzed. As results, based on GHQ-12 score, 86.1% of 244 participants with weak SOC, 60.1% of 606 participants with moderate SOC, and 31.3% of 48 participants with strong SOC had poor mental health. Both SOC levels and lifestyle changes (except alcohol consumption) had significant main effects on the GHQ-12 score. Analysis on the association between lifestyle changes and mental health status stratified by SOC level reveled that among participants with weak SOC, those who increased their leisure and activity time had reduced odds of poor mental health than those who made no changes (OR: 0.08, CI: 0.01 to 0.64). Healthcare workers with weak SOC were at risk of poor mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic, and lifestyle changes may improve their mental health. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; mental health; sense of coherence; lifestyle; healthcare worker COVID-19; mental health; sense of coherence; lifestyle; healthcare worker
MDPI and ACS Style

Tanaka, K.; Tahara, M.; Mashizume, Y.; Takahashi, K. Effects of Lifestyle Changes on the Mental Health of Healthcare Workers with Different Sense of Coherence Levels in the Era of COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2801. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062801

AMA Style

Tanaka K, Tahara M, Mashizume Y, Takahashi K. Effects of Lifestyle Changes on the Mental Health of Healthcare Workers with Different Sense of Coherence Levels in the Era of COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):2801. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062801

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tanaka, Kento, Masatoshi Tahara, Yuki Mashizume, and Kayoko Takahashi. 2021. "Effects of Lifestyle Changes on the Mental Health of Healthcare Workers with Different Sense of Coherence Levels in the Era of COVID-19 Pandemic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 2801. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062801

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