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Review

Tools and Methods to Include Health in Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies and Policies: A Scoping Review

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École Supérieure D’aménagement du Territoire et de Développement Régional (ESAD), Université Laval, Pavillon F-A. Savard, 2325, rue des Bibliothèques, local 1612, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
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National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy, Montréal, QC H2P 1E2, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2547; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052547
Received: 24 January 2021 / Revised: 25 February 2021 / Accepted: 26 February 2021 / Published: 4 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Climate Change)
Climate change represents a serious threat to the health and well-being of populations. Today, many countries, regions, and cities around the world are implementing policies and strategies to adapt to climate change and mitigate its effects. A scoping review was performed to identify tools and methods that help integrate health into climate change adaptation and mitigation policies and strategies. The literature search includes scientific and grey literature. The scientific literature was conducted using PubMed, Elsevier Embase, and Web of Science databases. A grey literature web search was performed to complement the results. A total of 35 studies (28 from the scientific literature and 7 from the grey literature) were finally included. A large majority of research articles (24/28) and almost all reports (6/7) from the grey literature were published after 2010. Results show that the tools that were found most frequently are the nested models (12/35), health impact assessment (6/35), vulnerability and adaptation assessment (3/35), conceptual frameworks (3/35), and mixed methods (3/35). This review shows an increasing interest in the topic of developing tools to better manage health issues in adaptation and mitigation strategies, with a recent increase in the number of publications. Additional analyses of tools’ effectiveness should be conducted in further studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change policies; health; tools; adaptation; mitigation climate change policies; health; tools; adaptation; mitigation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Delpla, I.; Diallo, T.A.; Keeling, M.; Bellefleur, O. Tools and Methods to Include Health in Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies and Policies: A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2547. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052547

AMA Style

Delpla I, Diallo TA, Keeling M, Bellefleur O. Tools and Methods to Include Health in Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies and Policies: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2547. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052547

Chicago/Turabian Style

Delpla, Ianis, Thierno A. Diallo, Michael Keeling, and Olivier Bellefleur. 2021. "Tools and Methods to Include Health in Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies and Policies: A Scoping Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 5: 2547. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052547

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