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Open AccessArticle

Multi-Scenario Analysis of Habitat Quality in the Yellow River Delta by Coupling FLUS with InVEST Model

1
Land Academy for National Development, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China
2
School of Business, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2389; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052389
Received: 12 December 2020 / Revised: 30 January 2021 / Accepted: 2 February 2021 / Published: 1 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Science and Engineering)
The past decades were witnessing unprecedented habitat degradation across the globe. It thus is of great significance to investigate the impacts of land use change on habitat quality in the context of rapid urbanization, particularly in developing countries. However, rare studies were conducted to predict the spatiotemporal distribution of habitat quality under multiple future land use scenarios. In this paper, we established a framework by coupling the future land use simulation (FLUS) model with the Intergrated Valuation of Environmental Services and Tradeoffs (InVEST) model. We then analyzed the habitat quality change in Dongying City in 2030 under four scenarios: business as usual (BAU), fast cultivated land expansion scenario (FCLE), ecological security scenario (ES) and sustainable development scenario (SD). We found that the land use change in Dongying City, driven by urbanization and agricultural reclamation, was mainly characterized by the transfer of cultivated land, construction land and unused land; the area of unused land was significantly reduced. While the habitat quality in Dongying City showed a degradative trend from 2009 to 2017, it will be improved from 2017 to 2030 under four scenarios. The high-quality habitat will be mainly distributed in the Yellow River Estuary and coastal areas, and the areas with low-quality habitat will be concentrated in the central and southern regions. Multi-scenario analysis shows that the SD will have the highest habitat quality, while the BAU scenario will have the lowest. It is interesting that the ES scenario fails to have the highest capacity to protect habitat quality, which may be related to the excessive saline alkali land. Appropriate reclamation of the unused land is conducive to cultivated land protection and food security, but also improving the habitat quality and giving play to the versatility and multidimensional value of the agricultural landscape. This shows that the SD of comprehensive coordination of urban development, agricultural development and ecological protection is an effective way to maintain the habitat quality and biodiversity. View Full-Text
Keywords: habitat quality; multi-scenario analysis; FLUS; InVEST model; the Yellow River Delta habitat quality; multi-scenario analysis; FLUS; InVEST model; the Yellow River Delta
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ding, Q.; Chen, Y.; Bu, L.; Ye, Y. Multi-Scenario Analysis of Habitat Quality in the Yellow River Delta by Coupling FLUS with InVEST Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2389. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052389

AMA Style

Ding Q, Chen Y, Bu L, Ye Y. Multi-Scenario Analysis of Habitat Quality in the Yellow River Delta by Coupling FLUS with InVEST Model. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2389. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052389

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ding, Qinglong; Chen, Yang; Bu, Lingtong; Ye, Yanmei. 2021. "Multi-Scenario Analysis of Habitat Quality in the Yellow River Delta by Coupling FLUS with InVEST Model" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 5: 2389. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052389

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