Next Article in Journal
From Recession to Depression? Prevalence and Correlates of Depression, Anxiety, Traumatic Stress and Burnout in Healthcare Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Greece: A Multi-Center, Cross-Sectional Study
Previous Article in Journal
Saprochaete clavata Infection in Immunosuppressed Patients: Systematic Review of Cases and Report of the First Oral Manifestation, Focusing on Differential Diagnosis
Open AccessArticle

Drug Injection-Related and Sexual Behavior Changes in Drug Injecting Networks after the Transmission Reduction Intervention Project (TRIP): A Social Network-Based Study in Athens, Greece

1
Department of Business and Public Administration, University of Cyprus, Nicosia 1678, Cyprus
2
Medical School, University of Cyprus, Nicosia 2029, Cyprus
3
Cyprus International Institute for Environmental and Public Health, Cyprus University of Technology, Limassol 3041, Cyprus
4
Transmission Reduction Intervention Project, Athens Site, 11527 Athens, Greece
5
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Humanitas University, 20090 Milan, Italy
6
IRCCS Humanitas Research Hospital, 20089 Milan, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2388; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052388
Received: 26 December 2020 / Revised: 20 February 2021 / Accepted: 23 February 2021 / Published: 1 March 2021
The Transmission Reduction Intervention Project (TRIP) was a network-based, enhanced contact tracing approach, targeting recently HIV-infected people who inject drugs (PWID) in Athens, Greece (2013–2015). This analysis examines behavioral changes of participants in TRIP and their determinants between baseline and follow-up visits to the program. All participants of TRIP were tested for HIV and interviewed using a questionnaire with items on drug injection-related and sexual behaviors. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine potential relationships between participants’ behaviors and sociodemographic or other characteristics. The analysis included 292 participants. At follow-up, the percentage of participants who injected drugs decreased [92.5%, n = 270 versus 72.3%, n = 211 (p < 0.001)], and more participants adopted safer behaviors. Employment, age, and gender were significantly associated with some behavioral changes. For instance, unemployed participants were half as likely as the employed to stop drug injection [adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 0.475, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.228, 0.988]. Increasing age was associated with lower probability of sharing syringes at follow-up (aOR: 0.936, 95%CI: 0.887, 0.988). Finally, females were less likely than males to improve their behavior related to sharing cookers, filters, or rinse water (aOR: 0.273, 95% CI: 0.100, 0.745). In conclusion, adoption of safer behaviors was observed following TRIP implementation. Future prevention programs should focus on younger PWID and especially females. Social efforts to support employment of PWID are also important. View Full-Text
Keywords: PWID; recent infection; HIV; networks; injecting-related behaviors; sexual behaviors PWID; recent infection; HIV; networks; injecting-related behaviors; sexual behaviors
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Giallouros, G.; Pantavou, K.; Pampaka, D.; Pavlitina, E.; Piovani, D.; Bonovas, S.; Nikolopoulos, G.K. Drug Injection-Related and Sexual Behavior Changes in Drug Injecting Networks after the Transmission Reduction Intervention Project (TRIP): A Social Network-Based Study in Athens, Greece. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2388. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052388

AMA Style

Giallouros G, Pantavou K, Pampaka D, Pavlitina E, Piovani D, Bonovas S, Nikolopoulos GK. Drug Injection-Related and Sexual Behavior Changes in Drug Injecting Networks after the Transmission Reduction Intervention Project (TRIP): A Social Network-Based Study in Athens, Greece. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2388. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052388

Chicago/Turabian Style

Giallouros, George; Pantavou, Katerina; Pampaka, Despina; Pavlitina, Eirini; Piovani, Daniele; Bonovas, Stefanos; Nikolopoulos, Georgios K. 2021. "Drug Injection-Related and Sexual Behavior Changes in Drug Injecting Networks after the Transmission Reduction Intervention Project (TRIP): A Social Network-Based Study in Athens, Greece" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 5: 2388. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052388

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop