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Open AccessArticle

The Impact of Depression Symptoms in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease: A Novel Case-Control Investigation

1
Department Nursing and Podiatry, Faculty of Health Sciences, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga (IBIMA), Ampliación de Campus de Teatinos, University of Malaga, Arquitecto Francisco Peñalosa 3, 29071 Málaga, Spain
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Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, 28933 Alcorcón, Spain
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Research, Health and Podiatry Group, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry, Universidade da Coruña, 15403 Ferrol, Spain
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University Center of Plasencia, Universidad de Extremadura, 10600 Plasencia, Spain
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Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Villaviciosa de Odón, 28670 Madrid, Spain
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Frailty Research Organized Group, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry, Universidad de Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2369; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052369
Received: 2 February 2021 / Revised: 21 February 2021 / Accepted: 25 February 2021 / Published: 1 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Care Sciences & Services)
Parkinson’s disease is a common neurodegenerative disease and it is known to cause motor disturbances associated with musculoskeletal problems of the locomotor apparatus, and non-motor symptoms, that are believed to have a harmful effect on health, social functioning and mobility. The aim of this study was to evaluate depression in patients with Parkinson’s Disease (PD) compared to subjects who do not have it. The sample consisted of 124 participants (mean age 69.18 ± 9.12). Patients with PD were recruited from a center of excellence for Parkinson’s disease (cases n = 62) and healthy subjects without PD from their relatives and caregivers (control n = 62). The Spanish version of Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI) scores and categories were collected. A clear statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) was evident in the BDI scores between both groups. Parkinson’s patients presented worse results on the BDI = 15.48 ± 7.24 points compared to healthy subjects with BDI = 7.03 ± 6.99 points. Regarding BDI categories, there were statistically significant differences (p < 0.001) for the greater BDI categories in the Parkinson’s group compared with healthy subjects. The depression represents an important potential risk for increased symptoms and negative impact among patients with PD compared with healthy subjects. View Full-Text
Keywords: beck depression inventory; depression; Parkinson disease beck depression inventory; depression; Parkinson disease
MDPI and ACS Style

Jiménez-Cebrián, A.M.; Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, R.; Losa-Iglesias, M.E.; López-López, D.; Calvo-Lobo, C.; Palomo-López, P.; Romero-Morales, C.; Navarro-Flores, E. The Impact of Depression Symptoms in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease: A Novel Case-Control Investigation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2369. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052369

AMA Style

Jiménez-Cebrián AM, Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo R, Losa-Iglesias ME, López-López D, Calvo-Lobo C, Palomo-López P, Romero-Morales C, Navarro-Flores E. The Impact of Depression Symptoms in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease: A Novel Case-Control Investigation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2369. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052369

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jiménez-Cebrián, Ana M.; Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Ricardo; Losa-Iglesias, Marta E.; López-López, Daniel; Calvo-Lobo, César; Palomo-López, Patricia; Romero-Morales, Carlos; Navarro-Flores, Emmanuel. 2021. "The Impact of Depression Symptoms in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease: A Novel Case-Control Investigation" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 5: 2369. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052369

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