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Open AccessArticle

Ethnic Identity as a Mediator of the Relationship between Discrimination and Psychological Well-Being in South—South Migrant Populations

1
Escuela de Psicología, Universidad Católica del Norte, Antofagasta 1240000, Chile
2
Instituto de Alta Investigación, Universidad de Tarapacá, Arica 1000000, Chile
3
Escuela de Psicología y Filosofía, Universidad de Tarapacá, Arica 1000000, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Carlos María Alcover and Gabriela Nazar
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2359; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052359
Received: 17 December 2020 / Revised: 11 February 2021 / Accepted: 23 February 2021 / Published: 28 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social, Group, and Identity Determinants of Well-Being and Health)
There is abundant evidence about the negative impact of discrimination on well-being, but less research on factors that can reduce this negative effect, mainly focused on North American samples and with incipient development on South–South migration. The objective of this research was to analyze the effect of ethnic identity on the relationship between the experience of racial and ethnic discrimination and psychological well-being in Colombian immigrants living in Chile. A total of 962 immigrants over the age of 18 from three cities in Chile participated. Of these, 50.7% were women. The average age was 35 years (SD = 10.23). Participants were evaluated using Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scales, Phinney’s adapted version of the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Scale, and Krieger’s Discrimination Experience Scale. After the analysis of the measurement models, a mediation model was analyzed using structural equations. The results provide evidence that ethnic and racial discrimination have negative effects on psychological well-being, with the effect of racial discrimination being greater. Likewise, ethnic identity has positive effects on psychological well-being and partially and completely mediates the effects of ethnic and racial discrimination on psychological well-being. The full effect of discrimination on psychological well-being, mediated by ethnic identity, is exercised only by racial discrimination and not by ethnic discrimination. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychological well-being; discrimination; ethnic identity; migration; racism; well-being psychological well-being; discrimination; ethnic identity; migration; racism; well-being
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MDPI and ACS Style

Urzúa, A.; Caqueo-Urízar, A.; Henríquez, D.; Domic, M.; Acevedo, D.; Ralph, S.; Reyes, G.; Tang, D. Ethnic Identity as a Mediator of the Relationship between Discrimination and Psychological Well-Being in South—South Migrant Populations. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2359. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052359

AMA Style

Urzúa A, Caqueo-Urízar A, Henríquez D, Domic M, Acevedo D, Ralph S, Reyes G, Tang D. Ethnic Identity as a Mediator of the Relationship between Discrimination and Psychological Well-Being in South—South Migrant Populations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2359. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052359

Chicago/Turabian Style

Urzúa, Alfonso; Caqueo-Urízar, Alejandra; Henríquez, Diego; Domic, Marcos; Acevedo, Daniel; Ralph, Sebastian; Reyes, Gonzalo; Tang, Diego. 2021. "Ethnic Identity as a Mediator of the Relationship between Discrimination and Psychological Well-Being in South—South Migrant Populations" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 5: 2359. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052359

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