Next Article in Journal
Oral Health Related Behaviors in Relation to DMFT Indexes of Teenagers in an Urban Area of North-West Poland—Dental Caries Is Still a Common Problem
Next Article in Special Issue
A Delphi Study on the Healthcare Needs of Patients with Type 1 Diabetes during the Transition from Adolescence to Adulthood: Consensus among Patients, Primary Caregivers, and Healthcare Providers
Previous Article in Journal
Decision-Making Skills in Youth Basketball Players: Diagnostic and External Validation of a Video-Based Assessment
Previous Article in Special Issue
South Indian Cuisine with Low Glycemic Index Ingredients Reduces Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes
 
 
Article

The Impact of Education, COVID-19 and Risk Factors on the Quality of Life in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

1
General Hospital Našice, Našice 31 500, Croatia
2
Faculty of Medicine, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Osijek 31 000, Croatia
3
Nursing Institute “Professor Radivoje Radić”, Faculty of Dental Medicine and Health Osijek Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Osijek 31 000, Croatia
4
Department of Surgery, University Hospital Centre Osijek, Osijek 31 000, Croatia
5
General Hospital “Dr. Josip Benčević” Slavonski Brod, Slavonski Brod 35 000, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ana López De Andrés and Noël Christopher Barengo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2332; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052332
Received: 16 January 2021 / Revised: 14 February 2021 / Accepted: 23 February 2021 / Published: 27 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Care and Diabetes)
Background: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of education, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and risk factors on the quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: A prospective study was conducted in three phases: before education, after education, and in the period of pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The subjects were diabetics on oral therapy. To determine the quality of life index, a standardized Ferrans and Powers survey questionnaire was used. Results: A total of 205 participants took part in the study, of which 111 (54.1%) were men and 94 (46%) women. Participants were enrolled in the study between January 2019 and September 2020. Glycated hemoglobin values were significantly higher before education compared to post-education and at the time of COVID-19 (Friedman test, p = 0.002), and body mass index was significantly lower after education compared to values before education (Friedman test, p = 0.008). The quality of life was significantly lower in all domains in the COVID-19 period (Friedman test, p < 0.001). Conclusions: A significant predictor of worse assessment of overall quality of life was male gender and rural place of residence. Disease duration of up to 5 years was a significant predictor of worse assessment in the psychological/spiritual domain, while being married was a predictor of better assessment of the quality of life in the family domain. The education of diabetics brought an increase in the health and quality of life while the coronavirus disease pandemic had negative consequences on the same parameters. We consider it necessary to systematically educate diabetics about the comorbidity of COVID-19. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes mellitus; quality of life; education; coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) diabetes mellitus; quality of life; education; coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Gvozdanović, Z.; Farčić, N.; Šimić, H.; Buljanović, V.; Gvozdanović, L.; Katalinić, S.; Pačarić, S.; Gvozdanović, D.; Dujmić, Ž.; Miškić, B.; Barać, I.; Prlić, N. The Impact of Education, COVID-19 and Risk Factors on the Quality of Life in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2332. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052332

AMA Style

Gvozdanović Z, Farčić N, Šimić H, Buljanović V, Gvozdanović L, Katalinić S, Pačarić S, Gvozdanović D, Dujmić Ž, Miškić B, Barać I, Prlić N. The Impact of Education, COVID-19 and Risk Factors on the Quality of Life in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2332. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052332

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gvozdanović, Zvjezdana, Nikolina Farčić, Hrvoje Šimić, Vikica Buljanović, Lea Gvozdanović, Sven Katalinić, Stana Pačarić, Domagoj Gvozdanović, Željka Dujmić, Blaženka Miškić, Ivana Barać, and Nada Prlić. 2021. "The Impact of Education, COVID-19 and Risk Factors on the Quality of Life in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 5: 2332. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052332

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop