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Open AccessArticle

Needs of Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders and Geographic Location of Emergency Shelters Suitable for Vulnerable People during a Tsunami

1
School of Nursing, Kanazawa Medical University, 1-1 Uchinada, Kahoku, Ishikawa 920-0265, Japan
2
School of Health Sciences, College of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, 5-11-80 Kodatsuno, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-0942, Japan
3
Department of Rehabilitation, Geisei Hospital, 4268 Wajiki, Geisei, Aki, Kochi 781-5701, Japan
4
Susaki Regional Welfare and Health Center, 6-26 Higashifuruichimachi, Susaki, Kochi 785-8585, Japan
5
Kochi Mental Health and Welfare Center, 2-4-1 Marunouchi, Kochi 780-0850, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1845; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041845
Received: 13 January 2021 / Revised: 5 February 2021 / Accepted: 10 February 2021 / Published: 14 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Impact of Environment on the Health and Wellbeing of People)
In the current study, we sought to identify special needs and safe evacuation conditions for children with neurodevelopmental disorders (CNDs) along Japan’s tsunami-prone Pacific coast. A survey and spatial analysis were used to collect data of CNDs (n = 47) and their caregivers. Areas predicted to be flooded in a tsunami, as well as evacuation routes to emergency shelters for vulnerable people (ESVPs), were mapped using geographic information systems (GIS). Our results showed that five professional staff were needed to support 33 CNDs requiring 135.9 m2 of ESVP space. Critical safety factors were altitude, vertical evacuation, accessibility to ESVPs, and nonexistence of estuaries in the direction of evacuation. GIS-based spatial analysis and evacuation modeling for disaster preparedness and training plans that involve nurses are essential. View Full-Text
Keywords: children with neurodevelopmental disorders; disaster preparedness; emergency shelter; evacuation; tsunami children with neurodevelopmental disorders; disaster preparedness; emergency shelter; evacuation; tsunami
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nakai, H.; Itatani, T.; Kaganoi, S.; Okamura, A.; Horiike, R.; Yamasaki, M. Needs of Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders and Geographic Location of Emergency Shelters Suitable for Vulnerable People during a Tsunami. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1845. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041845

AMA Style

Nakai H, Itatani T, Kaganoi S, Okamura A, Horiike R, Yamasaki M. Needs of Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders and Geographic Location of Emergency Shelters Suitable for Vulnerable People during a Tsunami. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1845. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041845

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nakai, Hisao; Itatani, Tomoya; Kaganoi, Seiji; Okamura, Aya; Horiike, Ryo; Yamasaki, Masao. 2021. "Needs of Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders and Geographic Location of Emergency Shelters Suitable for Vulnerable People during a Tsunami" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 4: 1845. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041845

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