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Article

Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Dental Emergency Admissions in an Urgent Dental Care Service in North Italy

by 1, 1,*, 1 and 2,3,4
1
Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Science, University of Milan, 20142 Milan, Italy
2
Department of Restorative, Preventive and Pediatric Dentistry, University of Bern, Freiburgstrasse 7, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
3
Department of Surgery, Microsurgery and Medicine Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Sassari, Viale San Pietro 3/c, 07100 Sassari, Italy
4
School of Dentistry, Sechenov University, 119991 Moscow, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1812; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041812
Received: 30 January 2021 / Revised: 9 February 2021 / Accepted: 11 February 2021 / Published: 12 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue COVID-19: A Public Health Approach for Health Professionals)
A retrospective study was performed to verify if the number of admissions for urgent dental care in the Urgent Dental Care Service of San Paolo Hospital in Milan (Italy) was directly related to the different phases of the COVID-19 pandemic. Different periods were analyzed: 25 March–5 April 2019 (pre-COVID); 23 March–3 April 2020 (lockdown); 8 June–19 June 2020 (reopening); and November 9–November 20 (second wave). Raw data regarding admissions, diagnoses, and treatments were extracted. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed. The survey included 901 admissions, 285 in pre-COVID, 93 during lockdown, 353 in reopening, and 170 in the second wave. In each time period, statistically significant differences were found in the prevalence of each kind of diagnoses (χ2(3) = 20.33 p = 0.01 for endodontic emergencies, χ2(3) = 29.05 p < 0.01 for cellulitis/phlegmon, χ2(3) = 28.55 p < 0.01 for periodontal emergencies, Fisher’s Exact Test p < 0.01 for trauma, and χ2(3) = 59.94 p < 0.01 for all other kinds of diagnosis). A remarkable increase in consultations (+186.36%) and other treatments (+90.63%) occurred during reopening. Tooth extraction was the most frequently delivered treatment, but suffered the largest reduction during lockdown (−79.82%). The COVID-19 pandemic has highly affected dental activity in north Italy, underling the weaknesses of a private dental system in a pandemic scenario. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; dentistry; public health services; Italy COVID-19; dentistry; public health services; Italy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cagetti, M.G.; Balian, A.; Camoni, N.; Campus, G. Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Dental Emergency Admissions in an Urgent Dental Care Service in North Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1812. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041812

AMA Style

Cagetti MG, Balian A, Camoni N, Campus G. Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Dental Emergency Admissions in an Urgent Dental Care Service in North Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1812. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041812

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cagetti, Maria G., Araxi Balian, Nicole Camoni, and Guglielmo Campus. 2021. "Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Dental Emergency Admissions in an Urgent Dental Care Service in North Italy" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1812. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041812

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