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Simulation as a Training Method for Electricity Workers’ Safety

Dipartimento di Scienze della Formazione (DISFOR), Department of Education Sciences, University of Genoa, 16126 Genova, Italy
Valorizzazione, Innovazione, Empowerment (VIE SRL), Spinoff of the University of Genoa, 16126 Genova, Italy
Neuroscience of Emotion and Affective Dynamics Lab (NEAD), Affiliated to the Swiss Center for Affective Sciences (SCAS), University of Geneva, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marco Giovanni Mariani and Dina Guglielmi
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1591;
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 31 January 2021 / Accepted: 4 February 2021 / Published: 8 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-Technical Perspectives for Improving Safety in the Workplace)
Background: Simulation is a useful method to improve learning and increase the safety of work operations, both for technical and non-technical skills. However, the observation, assessment, and feedback about these skills is particularly complex, because the process needs expert observers, and the feedback could be judgmental and ineffective. Therefore, a structured process to develop effective simulation scenarios and tools for the observation and feedback about performance is crucial. To this aim, in the present research, we developed a training model for electricity distribution workers, based on high fidelity simulation. Methods: We designed simulation scenarios based on real cases, developed, and tested a set of observation and rating forms for the non-technical skills behavioral markers, and we tracked behaviors based on non-verbal cues (physiological and head orientation parameters). Results: The training methodology proved to be highly appreciated by the participants and effective in fostering reflexivity. An in-depth analysis of physiological indexes and behaviors compliant to safety procedures revealed that breath rate and heart rate patterns commonly related with mindful and relaxed states were correlated with compliant behaviors, and patterns typical of stress and anxiety were correlated with non-compliant behaviors. Conclusions: a new training method based on high fidelity simulation, addressing both technical and non-technical skills is now available for fostering self-reflection and safety for electricity distribution workers. Future research should assess the long-term effectiveness of high-fidelity simulation for electricity workers, and should investigate non-invasive and real-time methods for tracking physiological parameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: simulation; non-technical skills; industrial safety simulation; non-technical skills; industrial safety
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bracco, F.; Masini, M.; Glowinski, D.; Piccinno, T.; Schaerlaeken, S. Simulation as a Training Method for Electricity Workers’ Safety. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1591.

AMA Style

Bracco F, Masini M, Glowinski D, Piccinno T, Schaerlaeken S. Simulation as a Training Method for Electricity Workers’ Safety. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1591.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bracco, Fabrizio, Michele Masini, Donald Glowinski, Tommaso Piccinno, and Simon Schaerlaeken. 2021. "Simulation as a Training Method for Electricity Workers’ Safety" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1591.

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