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Community-Based Approaches to Reducing Health Inequities and Fostering Environmental Justice through Global Youth-Engaged Citizen Science

1
Departments of Epidemiology & Population Health and Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
2
Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
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School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Department of Public Health Sciences, Mälardalen University, Box 883, 721 23 Västerås, Sweden
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Health through Physical Activity, Lifestyle and Sport Research Centre (HPALS), Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town 7725, South Africa
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School of Sport and Recreation, Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 92006, New Zealand
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School of Medicine, Universidad de los Andes, 111711 Bogotá, Colombia
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School of Health & Well Being, University of Southern Queensland, Ipswich, QLD 4305, Australia
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Department of Industrial Engineering, Universidad de los Andes, 111711 Bogotá, Colombia
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Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institute, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden
10
School of Health and Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow G4 0BA, UK
11
Department of Sport Science and Sport, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, 91058 Erlangen, Germany
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Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
13
Gardner Packard Children’s Health Center, Atherton, CA 94027, USA
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School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London, Bloomsbury, London WC1H 0XG, UK
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Research Institute, Health and Wellness Center, Arkansas Colleges of Health Education, Fort Smith, AR 72901, USA
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Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The Our Voice Global Citizen Science Research Network are listed in Acknowledgment.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 892; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030892
Received: 17 December 2020 / Revised: 7 January 2021 / Accepted: 11 January 2021 / Published: 21 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Community-Based Approaches for Reducing Health Inequities)
Growing socioeconomic and structural disparities within and between nations have created unprecedented health inequities that have been felt most keenly among the world’s youth. While policy approaches can help to mitigate such inequities, they are often challenging to enact in under-resourced and marginalized communities. Community-engaged participatory action research provides an alternative or complementary means for addressing the physical and social environmental contexts that can impact health inequities. The purpose of this article is to describe the application of a particular form of technology-enabled participatory action research, called the Our Voice citizen science research model, with youth. An overview of 20 Our Voice studies occurring across five continents indicates that youth and young adults from varied backgrounds and with interests in diverse issues affecting their communities can participate successfully in multiple contributory research processes, including those representing the full scientific endeavor. These activities can, in turn, lead to changes in physical and social environments of relevance to health, wellbeing, and, at times, climate stabilization. The article ends with future directions for the advancement of this type of community-engaged citizen science among young people across the socioeconomic spectrum. View Full-Text
Keywords: health inequities; community-based; citizen science; participatory research; youth; health promotion; health equity; digital health; built environment; environmental justice health inequities; community-based; citizen science; participatory research; youth; health promotion; health equity; digital health; built environment; environmental justice
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MDPI and ACS Style

King, A.C.; Odunitan-Wayas, F.A.; Chaudhury, M.; Rubio, M.A.; Baiocchi, M.; Kolbe-Alexander, T.; Montes, F.; Banchoff, A.; Sarmiento, O.L.; Bälter, K.; Hinckson, E.; Chastin, S.; Lambert, E.V.; González, S.A.; Guerra, A.M.; Gelius, P.; Zha, C.; Sarabu, C.; Kakar, P.A.; Fernes, P.; Rosas, L.G.; Winter, S.J.; McClain, E.; Gardiner, P.A.; on behalf of the Our Voice Global Citizen Science Research Network. Community-Based Approaches to Reducing Health Inequities and Fostering Environmental Justice through Global Youth-Engaged Citizen Science. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 892. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030892

AMA Style

King AC, Odunitan-Wayas FA, Chaudhury M, Rubio MA, Baiocchi M, Kolbe-Alexander T, Montes F, Banchoff A, Sarmiento OL, Bälter K, Hinckson E, Chastin S, Lambert EV, González SA, Guerra AM, Gelius P, Zha C, Sarabu C, Kakar PA, Fernes P, Rosas LG, Winter SJ, McClain E, Gardiner PA, on behalf of the Our Voice Global Citizen Science Research Network. Community-Based Approaches to Reducing Health Inequities and Fostering Environmental Justice through Global Youth-Engaged Citizen Science. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):892. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030892

Chicago/Turabian Style

King, Abby C.; Odunitan-Wayas, Feyisayo A.; Chaudhury, Moushumi; Rubio, Maria A.; Baiocchi, Michael; Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy; Montes, Felipe; Banchoff, Ann; Sarmiento, Olga L.; Bälter, Katarina; Hinckson, Erica; Chastin, Sebastien; Lambert, Estelle V.; González, Silvia A.; Guerra, Ana M.; Gelius, Peter; Zha, Caroline; Sarabu, Chethan; Kakar, Pooja A.; Fernes, Praveena; Rosas, Lisa G.; Winter, Sandra J.; McClain, Elizabeth; Gardiner, Paul A.; on behalf of the Our Voice Global Citizen Science Research Network. 2021. "Community-Based Approaches to Reducing Health Inequities and Fostering Environmental Justice through Global Youth-Engaged Citizen Science" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 3: 892. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030892

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