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Alcohol Consumption during a Pandemic Lockdown Period and Change in Alcohol Consumption Related to Worries and Pandemic Measures

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Department of Addiction Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, 5021 Bergen, Norway
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Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen, 5020 Bergen, Norway
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Department of Health Promotion, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, 5015 Bergen, Norway
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Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stavanger, 4021 Stavanger, Norway
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Alcohol & Drug Research Western Norway, Stavanger University Hospital, 4010 Stavanger, Norway
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Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen, 5020 Bergen, Norway
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Research Unit for General Practice in Bergen, The Norwegian Research Centre, NORCE, 5008 Bergen, Norway
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Department of Psychosocial Science, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen, 5020 Bergen, Norway
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Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University, Vanderbijlpark 1900, South Africa
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Section for Strategy and Analysis, Bergen Municipality, 5020 Bergen, Norway
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 1220; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031220
Received: 22 December 2020 / Revised: 25 January 2021 / Accepted: 26 January 2021 / Published: 29 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Whether lockdown related to the COVID-19 pandemic influences alcohol consumption is not well known. This study assesses alcohol consumption and hazardous drinking behavior during the initial phase of pandemic measures in Norway and identifies potential risk factors. A cross-sectional study (N = 25,708) was conducted in Bergen, Norway, following the first six weeks of strict infection control measures. In a model of self-assessed increased alcohol consumption, logistic regression analysis was conducted with independent variables for COVID-19-related worries, joblessness, quarantine, self-reported drinking behavior, age, gender, and occupational situation. These are reported with odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals. Fifty-one percent of respondents reported economic or health-related worries due to COVID-19, 16% had been in quarantine, 49% worked/studied from home, 54% reported hazardous drinking behavior, and 13% reported increased alcohol consumption. People aged 30–39 years had elevated odds of increased alcohol consumption during lockdown (OR 3.1, 2.4−3.8) compared to the oldest adults. Increased drinking was more frequent among people reporting economic worries (OR 1.6, 1.4−1.8), those quarantined (OR 1.2, 1.1−1.4), and those studying or working at home (OR 1.4, 1.3−1.6). More than half of respondents reported hazardous drinking behavior. Increased alcohol consumption during lockdown was common among people with economic worries, people in quarantine, and people studying or working at home. These data could be important when adjusting pandemic measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; lockdown; alcohol consumption; risk factors; social distancing; pandemic; SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19; lockdown; alcohol consumption; risk factors; social distancing; pandemic; SARS-CoV-2
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alpers, S.E.; Skogen, J.C.; Mæland, S.; Pallesen, S.; Rabben, Å.K.; Lunde, L.-H.; Fadnes, L.T. Alcohol Consumption during a Pandemic Lockdown Period and Change in Alcohol Consumption Related to Worries and Pandemic Measures. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1220. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031220

AMA Style

Alpers SE, Skogen JC, Mæland S, Pallesen S, Rabben ÅK, Lunde L-H, Fadnes LT. Alcohol Consumption during a Pandemic Lockdown Period and Change in Alcohol Consumption Related to Worries and Pandemic Measures. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):1220. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031220

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alpers, Silvia E., Jens C. Skogen, Silje Mæland, Ståle Pallesen, Åsgeir K. Rabben, Linn-Heidi Lunde, and Lars T. Fadnes 2021. "Alcohol Consumption during a Pandemic Lockdown Period and Change in Alcohol Consumption Related to Worries and Pandemic Measures" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 3: 1220. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031220

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