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Commentary

Accelerating Evaluation of Financial Incentives for Fruits and Vegetables: A Case for Shared Measures

1
Gretchen Swanson Center for Nutrition, Omaha, NE 68114, USA
2
Division of General Internal Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
3
Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(22), 12140; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212140
Received: 8 October 2021 / Revised: 11 November 2021 / Accepted: 16 November 2021 / Published: 19 November 2021
Food insecurity, or lack of consistent access to enough food, is associated with low intakes of fruits and vegetables (FVs) and higher risk of chronic diseases and disproportionately affects populations with low income. Financial incentives for FVs are supported by the 2018 Farm Bill and United States (U.S.) Department of Agriculture’s Gus Schumacher Nutrition Incentive Program (GusNIP) and aim to increase dietary quality and food security among households participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and with low income. Currently, there is no shared evaluation model for the hundreds of financial incentive projects across the U.S. Despite the fact that a majority of these projects are federally funded and united as a cohort of grantees through GusNIP, it is unclear which models and attributes have the greatest public health impact. We explore the evaluation of financial incentives in the U.S. to demonstrate the need for shared measurement in the future. We describe the process of the GusNIP NTAE, a federally supported initiative, to identify and develop shared measurement to be able to determine the potential impact of financial incentives in the U.S. This commentary discusses the rationale, considerations, and next steps for establishing shared evaluation measures for financial incentives for FVs, to accelerate our understanding of impact, and support evidence-based policymaking. View Full-Text
Keywords: financial incentives; fruits and vegetables; nutrition incentives; produce prescriptions; food security; food access; food assistance; GusNIP; evaluation financial incentives; fruits and vegetables; nutrition incentives; produce prescriptions; food security; food access; food assistance; GusNIP; evaluation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Budd Nugent, N.; Byker Shanks, C.; Seligman, H.K.; Fricke, H.; Parks, C.A.; Stotz, S.; Yaroch, A.L. Accelerating Evaluation of Financial Incentives for Fruits and Vegetables: A Case for Shared Measures. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12140. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212140

AMA Style

Budd Nugent N, Byker Shanks C, Seligman HK, Fricke H, Parks CA, Stotz S, Yaroch AL. Accelerating Evaluation of Financial Incentives for Fruits and Vegetables: A Case for Shared Measures. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(22):12140. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212140

Chicago/Turabian Style

Budd Nugent, Nadine, Carmen Byker Shanks, Hilary K. Seligman, Hollyanne Fricke, Courtney A. Parks, Sarah Stotz, and Amy L. Yaroch. 2021. "Accelerating Evaluation of Financial Incentives for Fruits and Vegetables: A Case for Shared Measures" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 22: 12140. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212140

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