Next Article in Journal
The Integration of Gender Perspective into Young People’s Sexuality Education in Spain and Portugal: Legislation and Educational Models
Previous Article in Journal
The Association between Physical Activity, Motor Skills and School Readiness in 4–5-Year-Old Children in the Northeast of England
Article

Changes in Tobacco Use Patterns among Veterans in San Diego during the Recent Peak of the COVID-19 Pandemic

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
2
School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
3
Mental Health Care Line, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Elisardo Becoña Iglesias
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(22), 11923; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211923
Received: 18 October 2021 / Revised: 11 November 2021 / Accepted: 11 November 2021 / Published: 13 November 2021
The prevalence of tobacco use increases in times of stress; however, during the initial stage of the COVID-19 pandemic, tobacco use rates stayed the same in most populations. Previous work focused on the initial months of the pandemic, while this study examined the changes in tobacco use during a later peak period of the pandemic. We used data from 61,852 visits to the VA San Diego Healthcare System from November 2019 to February 2021, divided into pre-, early, and peak pandemic periods. Multinomial logistic regression was used to test whether the odds of being a daily or non-daily tobacco user varied over time, by demographic group, or with the presence of specific psychiatric diagnoses. Younger Veterans had a greater reduction in the prevalence of non-daily tobacco use between the early and peak periods, while older Veterans had a rise in daily use from pre- to the early pandemic, which returned to baseline during the peak. Individuals with substance use disorder and serious mental illness diagnoses were more likely to report tobacco use, but psychiatric diagnoses did not predict change over time. These findings demonstrate factors that potentially contribute to changes in tobacco use during a public health crisis and may help guide future targeted cessation efforts. View Full-Text
Keywords: tobacco use disorder; tobacco dependence; cigarette smoking; veteran; COVID-19 pandemic; substance use disorder; serious mental illness tobacco use disorder; tobacco dependence; cigarette smoking; veteran; COVID-19 pandemic; substance use disorder; serious mental illness
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Fatollahi, J.J.; Bentley, S.; Doran, N.; Brody, A.L. Changes in Tobacco Use Patterns among Veterans in San Diego during the Recent Peak of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11923. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211923

AMA Style

Fatollahi JJ, Bentley S, Doran N, Brody AL. Changes in Tobacco Use Patterns among Veterans in San Diego during the Recent Peak of the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(22):11923. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211923

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fatollahi, Javad J., Sean Bentley, Neal Doran, and Arthur L. Brody. 2021. "Changes in Tobacco Use Patterns among Veterans in San Diego during the Recent Peak of the COVID-19 Pandemic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 22: 11923. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182211923

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop