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International Trade and Health in Thailand: A Scoping Review

1
International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand
2
Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
3
Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(21), 11692; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111692
Received: 27 September 2021 / Revised: 31 October 2021 / Accepted: 1 November 2021 / Published: 7 November 2021
International trade has become more complicated and is now related to more aspects of health and the health system. As Thailand is active in international trade and health, understanding what knowledge exists and determining the knowledge gap is essential for generating the necessary evidence in order to promote better understanding and allow evidence-based policy decisions to be made. This study reviewed the existence of knowledge on international trade and health issues in a scoping review, focusing on Thailand during the period 1991–2020. In total, 156 studies from seven databases and manual searching were included. Of these, 46% were related to trade in health services and 39% were linked to intellectual property, particularly access to medicines. This review found only a very small amount of research on other issues and did not identify any study on trade policies or products related to health and international trade and the environment. We therefore recommend that further studies should be carried out to provide more critical evidence—in particular, more research focusing on the impacts of trade on health-related goods and the analysis of the positive and negative impacts of international trade on industry is needed. Furthermore, better knowledge management through the publication of research findings and making them searchable on international databases will increase the visibility of international trade, increase our knowledge of health issues, and provide supporting evidence. View Full-Text
Keywords: international trade; health; Thailand; policy; impact international trade; health; Thailand; policy; impact
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kiewnin, K.; Boontantrapiwat, T.; Sosom, J.; Hongtumrong, M.; Khunakorncharatphong, A.; Kanchanachitra, C.; Pachanee, C.-a. International Trade and Health in Thailand: A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11692. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111692

AMA Style

Kiewnin K, Boontantrapiwat T, Sosom J, Hongtumrong M, Khunakorncharatphong A, Kanchanachitra C, Pachanee C-a. International Trade and Health in Thailand: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(21):11692. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111692

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kiewnin, Kamonwan, Titaree Boontantrapiwat, Jeerapa Sosom, Mintar Hongtumrong, Anon Khunakorncharatphong, Churnrurtai Kanchanachitra, and Cha-aim Pachanee. 2021. "International Trade and Health in Thailand: A Scoping Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 21: 11692. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111692

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